• Jayaprada Rao Chunduri Dept. of Biotechnology, Mithibai College, Mumbai
  • Hetwi R. Shah Dept. of Biotechnology, Mithibai College, Mumbai


Objective: phytochemical screening and antioxidant activity analyses of selected indoor plants and to evaluate commercial applications.

Methods: Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analyses of alcoholic and aquatic crude extracts of leaves of selected non-flowering indoor plants were assessed using standard protocols and later compared with FTIR analyses. Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of the extracts were studied

Results: Phytochemical analysis of polar solvent extractions of the four selected plants Pedilanthus tithymaloides, Cordyline terminalis, Tradescantia zebrine and Rhoeo discolou. Indicated the presence of tannins in all four varieties terpenoids in 3, flavonols, phytosterols and phenols in two plants, followed by alkaloids. The phytochemical analyses were supported by FTIR reports. Quantitative studies indicated variations in flavonol, tannin and phenols concentrations among the four species. High concentrations of Total flavonols (P. tithymaloides) and Tannins (C. terminalis) were observed. C. terminalis extract showed comparatively highest reducing power followed by R. discolour and P. tithymaloides extracts. Antibiotic Sensitivity Testing indicated P. tithymaloides showed a maximum zone of inhibition compared to R. discolor. C. terminalis plant leaf extract showed a faint zone of inhibition against E. fecalis while others couldnot. Intense colors of C. terminalis and T. zebrine plants could be used as a natural dye as well as pH indicator.

Conclusion: The rich concentrations of the tannins from non-flowering indoor plants could be the future option of dyes and dyeing industry as natural colorants as well as pH indicators. These plants were rich sources of phytochemicals (phenols, flavonols, tannins, and phytosterols), with antioxidant and antibacterial activity.
Keywords: Aesthetic, Phytochemical screening, FTIR, Phytosterol, Flavonoids


1. Rasool HBA. Medicinal plants (Importance and Uses). Pharm Anal Acta 2012;3:10.
2. Motaleb MA, Mohammed KH. Selected Medicinal Plants Of Chittagong Hill Tracts; 2011. p. 1-128
3. Stamps RH, Lance SO. Croton production and use. 1st ed. Environmental Horticulture Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida; 2002. p. 27.
4. Tiwari, Prashant, Bimlesh K, Mandeep K, Gurpreet K, Harleeen K. Phytochemical screening and extraction: a review. Int Pharm Sci 2016;1:98-106.
5. Wadood A. Phytochemical analysis of medicinal plants occurring in the local area of mardan. Biochem Anal Biochem 2013;2:144.
6. Extracting and testing a natural plant dye". Advanced applied science. 2008. GCE A2 UNITS © The Nuffield Foundation; 2008.
7. Arnold M. Euphorbia Tithymaloides. Landscape plants for Texas and Environs; 2010. p. 4-12.
8. Metal GA. Antigenotoxic, antimutagenic and ROS scavenging activities of a rhoeo discolor crude ethanolic extract. Toxicol In Vitro 2003;17:77-83.
9. Rebecca GV, García GRM, Barba DBA, Fajardo ROR, Serna SSO, Cardineau GA. Antimicrobial activity of rhoeo discolor phenolic-rich extracts determined by flow cytometry. Molecules 2015;20:18685-703.
10. Varadarajan P, Rathinaswamy G, Rangasamy D, Asirvatahm D. Antimicrobial properties and phytochemical constituents of rheo discolor hance. Ethnobotanical Leaflets 2008;12:841-5.
11. Harborne JB. Methods of plant analysis. Phytochemical methods: A guide to modern techniques of plant analysis. 3rd ed. London, UK: Chapman and Hall; 1998. p. 1-30.
12. Patel A, Amit P, Patel NM. Estimation of flavonoid, polyphenolic content and in vitro antioxidant capacity of leaves of tephrosia purpurea Linn. (Leguminosae). 1st ed. Int J Pharm Sci Res 2010;1:66-77.
13. Vasundhara Saxena, Garima Mishra, Akash Saxena, Kamlesh kr, Vishwakarma. A comparative study on quantitative estimation of tannins in terminalia chebula, terminalia belerica, terminalia arjuna and saraca indica using a spectrophotometer. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2013;6:148-9.
14. Stankovi Ć, Milan S. Total phenolic content, flavonoid concentration and antioxidant activity of Marrubium peregrinum l. extracts. Kragujevac J Sci 2016;33:63-72.
15. Starlin T, Arul Raj C, Ragavendran P, Gopalakrishnan VK. Phytochemical screening, functional groups and element analysis of tylophora pauciflora wight and arn. Int Res J Pharm 2012;3:180-3.
16. Ahmad I, Aqil F. In vitro efficacy of bioactive extracts of 15 medicinal plants against ESbL-producing multi-drug resistant enteric bacteria. Microbiological Res 2007;162:264-75.
17. Ojo OO, AO Ajayi, II Anibijuwon. Antibacterial potency of methanol extracts of lower plants. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2007;8:189-91.
18. Malapit, Christian A. Plant extracts as acid-base indicators plant extracts as acid-base indicators. 1st ed; 2016.
19. Shobharani Panchagnula, Shanthi Vunguturi. Alkalinity determination of water using various natural extracts as indicators. Int J Curr Res Chem Pharm Sci 2016;3:29-32.
20. Prabhakar Sharma, Ramchandra Gupta, Sunil Roshan. Plant extracts as an acid base indicator: an overview. Inventi Rapid: Planta Activa 2013;1:3.
21. Cean Socorro M. Alaba and christine l. chichioco-hernandez*15-Lipoxygenase inhibition of Commelina benghalensis, Tradescantia fluminensis, Tradescantia zebrine. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014;4:184–8.
22. R Ashokkumar, M Ramaswamy. Phytochemical screening by FTIR spectroscopic analysis of leaf extracts of selected Indian medicinal plants. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci 2014;3:395-406.
23. Shabi Ruskin R, Vasantha Kumari B, Chitarasu T. Qualitative phytochemical and ftir analysis of root extracts of Canthium parviflorum lam. J Chem Pharm Sci 2014;2 Suppl:122-7.
24. Arianna Ricci, Kenneth J Olejar, Giuseppina P Parpinello, Paul A Kilmartin, Andrea Versari. Application of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in the characterization of tannins. Appl Spectrosc Rev 2015;50:407-42.
25. Firoj A, Prabis KD, Amirul IM, Rahman KM, Md Mustafizur R, Selim MST. Antibacterial activity of Cordylline terminalis Kunth leaves. J Med Sci 2003;3:418-22.
26. Jaya Prada RC, PrachiJ, Shweta P, Siddharath S. Indoor ornamental plants and their antimicrobial properties. Int J Institutional Pharm Life Sci 2015;5:246-9.
27. Wolverton BC, wolverton JD. Interior plants: their influence on airborne microbes inside energy efficient buildings. J Missisipi Academy Sci 1996;41:99-105.
636 Views | 4203 Downloads
How to Cite
Chunduri, J. R., and H. R. Shah. “FTIR PHYTOCHEMICAL FINGERPRINTING AND ANTIOXIDANT ANLYSES OF SELECTED INDOOR NON-FLOWERING INDOOR PLANTS AND THEIR INDUSTRIAL IMPORTANCE”. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 8, no. 4, Oct. 2016, pp. 37-43, doi:10.22159/ijcpr.2016v8i4.15275.
Original Article(s)