FRUIT PEEL SOAP AND ITS ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES IN SKIN CARE
Objective: To prepare soap under laboratory condition using fruit peels of Citrullus lanatus, Citrus lemon, Citrus maxima, Carica papaya, Ananas comosus and Punica granatum., to view the antibacterial property and pH of the soap prepared and to study the phytochemical content of the fruit peels.
Methods: The homemade soap is prepared in the laboratory using fruit peelings. Antibacterial properties of the prepared soap were then tested using disc paper inhibition method against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Staphylococcus epidermidis. The Extract was prepared using distilled water and ethanol. The pH of the fruit peels was tested and screened for phytochemical properties.
Results: Overall best results for the antibacterial property was shown by Citrullus lanatus, Carica papaya followed by Citrus aurantifolia and Ananas comosus for water extract. Citrus maxima followed by and Ananas comosus and Citrus aurantifolia for ethanol extract. All six fruit peels showed the presence of Alkaloids, Terpenes, Saponins, Glycosides, Quinones, and Tannins. pH of the soap ranges from 7-10.
Conclusion: The peels of the fruit shows good results against the anti-bacterial activity for skin bacteria studied. Also, the soaps are less prone to the addition of the harmful chemicals and their derivatives.
2. Brady James E, Russell, Joel W, Holum John R. Chemistry: matter and its changes. 3rd edition. New York: Wiley; 2000.
3. Aneja KR. Experiments in microbiology, plant pathology and biotechnology, New Age International Publishers; 2003.
4. Trease GE, Evans WC. Pharmacology. 11th Ed. Bailliere Tindall Ltd. London; 1978. p. 60-75.
5. Stray F. The national guide to medicinal herbs and plants. Tiger Books International London; 1998. p. 12-6.
6. Manikandan L, Senithilkuman GP, Rajesh LT, Shuresh RR. Cancer Chemopreventive agents from medicinal plants. In: Trivedi PC. (Ed). Medicinal plants: Ethnobotanical approach. Agrobios, India; 2006. p. 410.
7. Amakaha RA, Uba ST, Otolepa M, Shenja G. Phytochemical screening of danta sramo seeds. J Chem Soc Niger 2002;27:105-7.
8. Zheljazkov VD, Amber C, Charles LC. Yield and oil composition of 38 Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) accessions grown in mississippi. J Agric Food Chem 2008;56:241-5.
9. Scalbert A, Rajeidran K, Dineh KC. Diatery polyphenol and prevention of diseases. critical review. Food Sci Nutr 2005;45:287-306.
10. Sofawara A. Medicinal and traditional medicine in Africa. Spectrum Books Ltd, lbadan, Nigeria; 1993. p. 289.
11. Sonia Parashar, Hitender Sharma, Munish Garg. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of fruits and vegetable peels: a review. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2014;3:160-4.
12. https://www.diynatural.com/how-to-make-soap-2/[Last accessed on 10 Jan 2019]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.