FRUIT PEEL SOAP AND ITS ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES IN SKIN CARE
Keywords:Fruit peels, Phytochemicals, Antibacterial, Zone of inhibition, Ethanol extract, Water extract
Objective: To prepare soap under laboratory condition using fruit peels of Citrullus lanatus, Citrus lemon, Citrus maxima, Carica papaya, Ananas comosus and Punica granatum., to view the antibacterial property and pH of the soap prepared and to study the phytochemical content of the fruit peels.
Methods: The homemade soap is prepared in the laboratory using fruit peelings. Antibacterial properties of the prepared soap were then tested using disc paper inhibition method against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Staphylococcus epidermidis. The Extract was prepared using distilled water and ethanol. The pH of the fruit peels was tested and screened for phytochemical properties.
Results: Overall best results for the antibacterial property was shown by Citrullus lanatus, Carica papaya followed by Citrus aurantifolia and Ananas comosus for water extract. Citrus maxima followed by and Ananas comosus and Citrus aurantifolia for ethanol extract. All six fruit peels showed the presence of Alkaloids, Terpenes, Saponins, Glycosides, Quinones, and Tannins. pH of the soap ranges from 7-10.
Conclusion: The peels of the fruit shows good results against the anti-bacterial activity for skin bacteria studied. Also, the soaps are less prone to the addition of the harmful chemicals and their derivatives.
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