• SUMIT KUMAR Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences, Delhi
  • ARIJITA BANERJEE Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences, Delhi
  • AQUIL AHMAD Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi


Objective: The adverse psychological impact in doctors battling the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID 19) epidemic arise from various social and administrative issues like excessive workload, inadequate interpersonal communications, biased work culture and lack of social support thus raising a warning of the mental health in doctors. The present study was done to assess the mental health and stress reactivity among the resident doctors who have been working for a prolonged duration during covid 19 pandemic in India.

Methods: The subjects included 162 young resident doctors both males and females, of age group between 25-30 y, among which 92 were posted in covid wards on a rotation basis from 1st April 2020 to 31st December 2020 and 70 were doing duty in regular non-covid wards or not had done even a single duty in covid ward during the above period. All participants completed an online questionnaire that included the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)–II, Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CDRISC) and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) followed by a cold pressor test to assess stress reactivity.

Results: There were significant differences in the mental health and stress reactivity scores with lower resilience scores, lower social support rating scores, increased anxiety and depression in Covid ward doctors (p=0.001).

Conclusion: The findings suggested high levels of training, resilience helpful social support and unbiased work culture were necessary to health care workers engaged in public health emergence.

Keywords: Resilience, Anxiety, Cardiovascular reactivity


1. Banerjee D. The COVID-19 outbreak: crucial role the psychiatrists can play. Asian J Psychiatry 2020;50:102014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102014.
2. Allen J, Balfour R, Bell R, Marmot M. Social determinants of mental health. Int Rev Psychiatry 2014;26:392–407.
3. Barkur G, Vibha Kamath GB. Sentiment analysis of nationwide lockdown due to COVID 19 outbreak: evidence from India. Asian J Psychiatry 2020;51:102089.
4. Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, Mock J, Erbaugh J. An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1961;4:561–71.
5. Dar KA, Iqbal N, Mushtaq A. Intolerance of uncertainty, depression, and anxiety: examining the indirect and moderating e?ects of worry. Asian J Psychiatr 2017;29:129–33.
6. Xiao H, Zhang Y, Kong D, Li S, Yang N. The effects of social support on sleep quality of medical staff treating patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in January and February 2020 in China. Med Sci Monitoring 2020;26:e923549. https://doi.org/10.12659/MSM.923549
7. Connor K, Davidson J. Development of a new resilience scale: the connor davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC). Depress Anxiety 2003;18:76–82.
8. Hamaideh HS. Burnout, social support, and job satisfaction among Jordanian mental health nurses. Issues Ment Health Nurs 2011;32:234–42.
9. Stewart KM, France CR. Resting systolic blood pressure, parental history of hypertension, and sensitivity to noxious stimuli. Pain 1996;68:369–74.
10. Xiang YT, Yang Y, Li W, Zhang Q, Cheung T, Hg CH. Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. Lancet Psychiatry 2020;7:228–9.
11. Leary AO, Jalloh MF, Neria Y. Fear and culture: contextualizing mental health impact of the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa. Br Med J Global Health 2018;3:e000924. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000924
12. Tsang HW, Scudds RJ, Chan EY. Psychosocial impact of SARS (Letter). Emerging Infect Dis 2004;10:1326–7.
13. Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith LE, Woodland L, Wessely S, Greenberg N, et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet 2020;395:912–20.
14. Wang C, Horby PW, Hayden FG, Gao GF. A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. Lancet 2020;395:470–3.
15. A Banerjee, M Bedi, VP Varshney. Cardiovascular reactivity to mental and physical stress in offspring of hypertensive parents. National J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol 2021;11:134-7.
33 Views | 38 Downloads
How to Cite
KUMAR, S., A. BANERJEE, and A. AHMAD. “A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY ON MENTAL HEALTH AND CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY AMONG FRESH RESIDENT DOCTORS DURING COVID19 PANDEMIC IN INDIA”. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 13, no. 3, May 2021, pp. 52-54, doi:10.22159/ijcpr.2021v13i3.42094.
Original Article(s)