DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A SMART HOME AUTOMATION SYSTEM
Keywords:ATMEGA328P microcontroller, GSM Module, Sensors, Smart home, Internet of Things (IoT)
Objective: Due to the rapid development of various technologies and communication devices, the use of the Internet of Things (IoT) for automation has become increasingly common in non-industrial environments. It has integrated well into our day-to-day activities, leading us toward the use of smart home technology. Smart home systems are intelligent system that provide control to home appliances and also security systems. There are limited numbers of intelligent systems that address multiple aspects of the home automation, such as appliances control, security bridge detection, and reducing energy consumption and cost simultaneously. Hence, this research developed a system that solves these problems with an intelligent home automation system.
Methods: The designed system was based on Arduino ATMEGA328P microcontroller, MQ2 sensor for gas detection, passive infrared (IR) sensor for motion detection, and flame sensor to detect fire outbreak. Arduino ATMEGA328P was used as a central controlling unit that controls the flow of system operations to achieved smart home automation system.
Results: The system sends audible alarms through a buzzer to draw the user’s immediate attention. It also sends a warning message to the user’s mobile phone through the global system for mobile communication module.
Conclusion: The system achieved a precision rate of 94.44% and provided a cost-effective platform for interconnecting a variety of devices and various sensors in a home through the IoT.
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