• Patricia Anais Ballesteros Moreta SEK International University


Objective: To determine vestibular disorders in workers of a matches company, and identify the main risks associated with the development of these symptoms. 

Methods: The work included two groups: the experimental constituting the workers who were exposed to chronic occupational noise, and the control group corresponding to the administrative staff which were not exposed to occupational noise. The Irvine questionnaire  developed by the by Department of Otolaryngology at the University of California, and the Dizziness Questionnaire developed by the Center for Audio and Balance from the University of Maryland were used to evaluate the prevalence of vestibular symptoms. Tone audiometric evaluations were performed to all individuals in the population.

Results: In the experimental group 9.7% of the employees showed hearing loss or acoustic trauma in both ears. In the control group 5.5% of the employees showed mild hearing loss. 60 % of the employees have any symptoms associated with a vestibular disorder either by noise or exposure (experimental group) to ergonomic risk factors (administrative staff).

Conclusions: The prevalence of vestibular symptoms in individuals of the experimental group could be associated with exposure to occupational noise ≥ 85 decibels (dBA). The questionnaires are important tools because they could prevent occupational hearing loss and it does not involve onerous economic cost for the company. Questionnaires could be used in any type of business from craftwork to industrial plants.


Keywords: Vestibular symptoms; Noise; safety and occupational health.

Author Biography

Patricia Anais Ballesteros Moreta, SEK International University
Children's hospital Baca Ortiz Medical Doctor


1. Sellapan E, and Janakiraman K. Environmental noise from construction site power systems and its mitigation. Noise & Vibration Worldwide. Multi-Science Publishing Co. Ltd. 2014.45. 14-20.
2. Stoia M. Evaluation of the nonspecific effects induced in workers by occupational noise. Acta Medica Transilvanica 2012. 17.3.
3. Ruiz A, Floría G, Maestre P. Manual para la prevención de riesgos laborales en las oficinas. Madrid: Fundación Confemetal. 2003.
4. Suggs C. Noise Problems of Hand and Power Tools, Noise-con, 1981. 81. 339-42.
5. Singh P. Noise pollution. Every Man’s Science, 1984. 25 (1,2). 231-35.
6. Kumar K, Vivarthini,C, and Bhat J. Vestibular evoked myogenic potential in noise-induced hearing loss. Noise & health 2010. 12.48.
7. Raghunath G, Suting L, and Marurthy S. Vestibular Symptoms in Factory Workers Subjected to Noise for a Long Period. The International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2003.16;3.3.
8. Jibaja J. Evaluation of metabolic changes and their influence in the hearing loss. Thesis to fulfill the requirements of Master in Occupational and Health safety. International University SEK, Faculty of Occupational and Health Safety. 2012. 91 p.
9. Gilles A, Van Hal G, De Ridder D, Wouters K, and Van de Heyning, P. Epidemiology of Noise-Induced Tinnitus and the Attitudes and Beliefs towards Noise and Hearing Protection in Adolescents. PloS one. 2013. (8)7: e70297.
10. Azizi M. Noise-induced Hearing Loss. The Inter- national Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2010.1:116-23.
350 Views | 231 Downloads
How to Cite
Ballesteros Moreta, P. A. (2016). VESTIBULAR SYMPTOMS IN WORKERS EXPOSED TO OCCUPATIONAL NOISE IN A MATCHES COMPANY. Innovare Journal of Health Sciences, 4(3), 9-11. Retrieved from
Short Communication(s)