BIOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF MICROBES IN AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY: A REVIEW

  • MARIA KALSOOM Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
  • FAZAL UR REHMAN Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
  • TALHA SHAFIQUE Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
  • SANWAL JUNAID Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
  • NIMRA KHALID Department of Zoology, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
  • MUHAMMAD ADNAN Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
  • IRFAN ZAFAR Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
  • MUHAMMAD ABDULLAH TARIQ Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
  • MUHAMMAD ADNAN RAZA Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
  • AMBER ZAHRA Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
  • HUSNAIN ALI Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.

Abstract

Biotechnology is the most prominent and rapidly growing segment of the biological sciences that is making its diversified application in sustainable agriculture. Biofertilizers, biopesticides, bioherbicides, bioinsecticides, and many of the other fungal based and viral based insecticides, obtained using microorganisms, are some of the outcomes of biotechnology playing a key role in sustainable agriculture. Many of other important food products are also obtained by microbial fermentation. Different microbes are added to get the desired effect of food at the specific stages of food production process. Pharmaceutical microbiology includes the manufacturing of different pharmaceutical and medicinal products. This review article has a wide overview of microbes mainly used in agriculture, food industries, and pharmaceutical industries.

Keywords: Sustainable agriculture, Biofertilizers, Biopesticide, Bioinsecticides, Whey, Baker’s yeast, Vaccine

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KALSOOM, M., UR REHMAN, F., SHAFIQUE, T., JUNAID, S., KHALID, N., ADNAN, M., ZAFAR, I., ABDULLAH TARIQ, M., RAZA, M. A., ZAHRA, A., & ALI, H. (2020). BIOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF MICROBES IN AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY: A REVIEW. Innovare Journal of Life Sciences, 8(6), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijls.2020.v8i6.39845
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