3D ORGAN PRINTING: A FUTURE PROSPECT OF MEDICAL SCIENCES IN ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION
Tissue engineering technology promising tool to solve the organ transplantation crisis. The organ bio-printing (or 3D organ printing) is the next generation alternative for organ transplantation. The structural and viscoelastic properties of assembling networks of the extracellular matrix protein type-I collagen by means of phase contrast microscopy and rotating disk rheometry. According to Steinberg differential adhesion hypothesis (DAH) the self-assembly of living cells into tissues of a specific cell type possesses a specific adhesion apparatus that combined with cell motility leads to cell assemblies of various cell types in the lowest adhesive energy state. The initial stage of the assembly is a nucleation process of collagen monomers associating to randomly distribute branched clusters with extensions of several microns. Eventually a sol-gel transition takes place, which is due to the interconnection of these clusters.
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3D bio-printers to print skin and body parts: http://phys.org/news/2011-02-3d-bio-printers-skin-body.html.
Bio-printing blog (possibilities of printing kidney, liver or heart): http://bioprinter.blogspot.com.
Lothar Koch, Stefanie Kuhn, Heiko Sorg, Martin Gruene, Sabrina Schlie, Ralf Gaebel, Bianca Polchow, Kerstin Reimers, Stephanie Stoelting, Nan Ma, Peter M. Vogt, Gustav Steinhoff, and Boris Chichkov. Tissue Engineering Part C: Methods. October 2010, 16(5): 847-854. doi:10.1089/ten.tec.2009.0397.
WSU researchers make bone-like material using 3D printer: http://www.3ders.org/articles/20111130-bone-like-material-using-3d-printer.html.
3D-printed implant replaces 75 percent of patient's skull: http://news.cnet.com/8301- 17938_105-57573305-1/3d-printed-implant-replaces-75-percent-of-patients-skull.
Patterning human stem cells and endothelial cells with laser printing for cardiac regeneration. Ralf Gaebel, Nan Ma, Jun Liu, Jianjun Guan, Lothar Koch, Christian Klopsch, Martin Gruene, Anita Toelk, Weiwei Wang, Peter Mark, Feng Wang, Boris Chichkov, Wenzhong Li, Gustav Steinhoff Reference- and Translation Center for Cardiac Stem Cell Therapy, Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Rostock, 18057 Rostock, Germany. Biomaterials. 2011 Dec; 32 (35):9218-30 21911255.
How to print out a blood vessel: http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080320/full/news.2008.675.html.
Scientists created artificial blood vessels on a 3D printer: http://www.3ders.org/Blog%20Posts/scientists-created-artificial-blood-vessels-on-a 3dprinter. html.
7 talks on the wonders of 3D printing: http://www.ted.com/talks/anthony_atala_printing_a_human_kidney.html.
Breakthrough: Scientists use 3D printer to produce stem cells:http://www.3ders.org/articles/20130205-scientists-use-3d-printer-to-produce-human-embryonicstem- cells.html.