TEAM-BASED LEARNING VS LECTURE-BASED LEARNING IN MEDICAL EDUCATION
Keywords:Team based learning, Lecture based learning, Medical Education
Objective: The objective of the study is to determine better mode of learning for medical graduates by comparing team-based learning (TBL) and lecture-based learning methods.
Study Design: Comparative analytical study.
Place and Duration of Study: Surgical Ward 25 of Endocrine and General surgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi, in April 2019.
Methodology: This comparative study was based on the principles of TBL; the control program used the traditional lecture-based approach. Both programs were aimed at investigating the knowledge and performance of the two groups. Thirty surgical interns were included in this study. Two groups were made by random selection of surgical interns, 15 in TBL group and other 15 in traditional teaching group. TBL group (Group A) was given the topic of thyroid diseases for self-study followed by 1 h discussion amongst the group members. Lecture-based group (Group B) was given 1 h powerpoint presentation on similar topic. As the main outcome measures, questionnaire containing twenty best choice questions was given to both groups. Performance of the two groups was checked and results calculated as total, average, and standard deviation.
Results: Group A participants’ total score (147) was higher than Group B (131) but the p-value was not found to be significant (0.144).
Conclusion: Both forms of learning methods are effective and productive in medical education.
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