Stakeholder Preference, Dependence and Attitude towards Conservation of Mangrove Eco-System in South-East Coast of India


SEKAR CHELLAPPAN

Abstract


A study was undertaken to analyze the relationship between mangrove ecosystem and livelihood security of the local stakeholders in Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (PMF) in Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu, India. Data were collected from different types of respondents viz., i)  Fisherman cum farmer, ii) Tourist dependents and iii) Tourist. The tourist dependents were found to be better educated and better off with their income compared to the fishermen cum farmer.  About 75 per cent of the respondents depended mangrove area for fishing. Most of tourists were young and middle aged and also have permanent income. Educated youth showed more interest in visiting places of natural origin. People who travelled by own vehicles had higher visitation rate of 50 per cent than those travelling by hired vehicles owing to the high cost towards logistics.

 

 From the analysis it was understood that the visitation rate was inelastic with respect to the travel cost. The fishermen cum farmer and tourist dependents were willing to pay an amount of Rs.688, Rs.643/annum respectively towards internalizing externalities. The catchment area, monthly income, duration of fishing and education were positively related to WTP and were significant. The average monthly per capita consumption expenditure was Rs.799 for fisherman cum farmer and Rs.859 for tourist dependent households in PMF.

 

          It is obvious that the people who entered into fishing and other mangrove dependent occupations had extensively improved their standard of living. Positive externalities were shoreline protection, increased fish catch and enhanced income, utilization of non – timber forest products, control of soil erosion and water retention. The study comes out with a policy that both the state and central government institutions should protect the mangrove ecology and sea-shore through stringent adoption of regulatory mechanisms. The local social institutions should restrict people from over exploitation and they should provide adequate facilities to the visitors too to encourage the concept of eco-tourism; so that the mangroves would be promoted and conserved significantly. 

 

Key words: Mangroves- Willingness to Pay- Contingent Valuation- Consumptive Use - Tourism- Externalities- Travel Cost- Institution.

 

 


| PDF |

References


Ajithkumar, T.T. (1998), “Characterization of Aquaculture Impact on Mangrove Environment with special reference to Muthupet Mangroves, Southeast Coast of India”, Annual Progress Report of the CSIR, 19.

Balasubaramanian, T., Gnappazham,L., Sridhar, P.N. and Ramachandran, S. (2000), Critical Habitat Information System Using GIS for Pichavaram Mangroves in South India, (Government of India:Department of Ocean Development).

Chopra, K and Kadekodi, G. (1997), “Natural Resource Accounting in the Yamuna Basin: Accounting for Forest Resources, Project Report Prepared for MOEF, India.

Englin, J. and Shonkwiler, J. (1995). Estimating Social Welfare using count Data Models: An Application under Conditions of Endogenous Stratification and Truncation, Review of Economics and Statistics, 77: 104-112.

Kallesoe, M. F., Bambaradeniya, C.N.B., Iftikhar, U.A. , Ranasinghe, T. and Miththapala, S. (2008), “Linking Coastal Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Learning from Conceptual Frameworks and Empirical Results”, Ecosystems and Livelihoods Group, IUCN, 8: 49.

Lugo, A. C. and Snedaker, S.C. (1974), “The Ecology of Mangroves”, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 5: 39-64.

Moses, B. S.(1985), Mangrove Swamps as a Potential Food Source, (Nigeria: Port-Harcourt University), 170-184.

Odum, W. E. and Herald, E. J. (1975), Mangrove forests and Aquatic Productivity: An Introduction to Land Water Interactions, (New York: Academic press), 136.

Savory, H. J.(1953), A Note on the Ecology of Rhizophora in Nigeria, (Kew Bulletin: Thomas Telford Publishing),127-128.

Wunder, S.(2000), “Ecotourism and Economic Incentives - An Empirical Approach”, Journal of Ecological Economics, 32(3), 465-479.




About this article

Title

Stakeholder Preference, Dependence and Attitude towards Conservation of Mangrove Eco-System in South-East Coast of India

Date

01-07-2014

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Innovare Journal of Social Sciences
Vol 2 Issue 3 2014 (July-September) Page: 15-25

Online ISSN

2347-5544

Statistics

138 Views | 200 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

SEKAR CHELLAPPAN
TAMIL NADU AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, COIMBATORE-3
India


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.