PSYCHOLOGICAL CHALLENGES OF ELDERS IN GONDAR, NORTH WEST ETHIOPIA


simegn sendek yizengaw, asfaw getnet gebiresilus

Abstract


Abstract

Elders in Ethiopia are vulnerable to diversified psychological problems due to multifaceted challenges like elderly abuse, stereotypes, myths and lack of psychosocial support. As a result, they are triggered to develop versatile psychological problems. The main objective of this study was to examine psychological challenges (anxiety, depression, self-esteem and loneliness) among elders who were residing in Gondar City. For this purpose, 124 study participants were selected using snowball sampling technique. In order to assess the level of self-esteem, Rosenberg self-esteem inventory was used. Anxiety and depression were assessed using depression symptoms inventory and loneliness was assessed through UCLA Loneliness Scale. Then, analysis was made using t-test, ANOVA and correlation. The study revealed statistically significant sex difference on anxiety (p<0.05) but not on self-esteem, depression and loneliness (p>0.05). Concerning marital status statistically significant difference was found on self-esteem, loneliness, anxiety, and depression (p<0.05). In addition, significant variation was detected with type of primary care givers on self-esteem, loneliness, anxiety and depression (p<0.05). Regarding, educational status, statistically significant variation was seen on loneliness and depression (p<0.01) but not on self-esteem and anxiety (p>0.05). Self-esteem was statistically significant inverse relationship with age (p<0.01), and direct relationship with income level (p<0.01). Furthermore, age was statistically significant relationship with loneliness, (p<0.01), anxiety (p<0.05) and depression (p<0.01). Based on the findings researchers concluded that regardless of the variation in sex elders are vulnerable to psychological problems; independent life, marital status, age and income level are associated with psychological problems.

Keywords:    Anxiety; Depression; Elders; Loneliness; Self-esteem


| PDF |

References


References

Abdi Ayana (2013). Who takes care of the Elderly in Ethiopia when reciprocal relationships breakdown? Master's Thesis; Department of Sociology, Lund University

Akmal, R. (2002). Socio-emotional and psychological problems of retired of elderly in Haryana: A comparative view. Human Ecology Journal 13(6): 455458.

Akman, J. (nd). The Developmental Psychology of Aged Persons. Psychology volume 2; Jourge Washington University, Washington, D.C., USA.

CSA (2006). Central Statistics Authority of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa

Dazuka, J., & Dalbert, C. (2000). Well-being as a psychological indicator of health in old age: A research agenda. Studia Psychologica Journal 42(2): 61-70

Dubey, A., Bhasin, S., Gupta, N., & Sharma, N. (2011). A study of elderly living in old age home and within family. Study Home Community Science, 5(2):93-98

Fillenbaum, G. (1984). Center for the study of aging and human development. Duka University. Medical Center, Durham, Nc, USA

Gauthier, J. (2005). Anxiety disorders in the elderly. Laval University

HAI. (2001). Elderly abuse in the health care services in Kenya. East African Medical Journal, 96(5): 274-278.

Jané-Llopis, E., & Gabilondo, A. (Eds). (2008). Mental health in older people. Consensus paper. Luxembourg: European Communities.

KAHSA. (2007). Psychosocial needs of the elderly - Kansas Association of Homes. Retrieved from www.kahsa.org/files/public/PsycosocialNeeds

Kamla, R. (2011). A Study of elderly living in old age home and within family. Study Home Community Science; 5(2):93-98

Koropeckyj-Cox, T. (nd). Loneliness and depression in middle and old age: are the childless more vulnerable? Population Aging Research Center; University of Pennsylvania

Lehghlin, D. (2008). Psychosocial issues and ageing. Life span health research school of population and health.

McMullin, J., & Cairney, J. (2004). Self-esteem and the interaction of age, class, and gender. Journal of Aging Studies; 18(1): 75-90

MOLSA. (2006). National plan of action on older persons. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Mpho, L. (2009). Old age pension as social security institute: The case of Botswana; University of Botswana Printing Press.

Orth, U., & Erol (2011). Self-Esteem Development: Longitudnal Study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; 101(3):607-619

Perlman, D., & Peplau, L. (1998). Loneliness: A source book of current theory, research and therapy. New York.

Robins, R., Orth, U., & Widamam, F. (2012). Life-Span Development of Self-Esteem and Its Effects on Important Life Outcomes. Journal of Personality and Social psychology;

Robins, R., Trzesniewski k., Tracy, J.,Gosling, S., & Petter, J. (2002). Global Self-Esteem Across the Life Span. Journal of Psychology and Aging; 17(3):423-434.

Russell, D., Peplau, L., & Ferguson, L. (1978). Developing a measure of loneliness. Journal of Personality Assessment, 42, 290-294.

Samman, E., and Laura, K. (2013). Old age, disability and mental health: data issues for a post 2015 framework. The overseas development institute, UK; retrieved from www.odi.org.uk.

Singh, A., & Misra, N. (2009). Loneliness, depression and sociability in old age. Industrial Psychology Journal; 18(1)

Singh, B., & Kiran, U. (2013). Loneliness among elderly women. International Journal of humanities and Science invention; 2(2):2319-7714

Tedla Wolde Giorgis.(1996).Understanding and surveying depression, alcohol and drugs a personal guide for Ethiopians. Washington,D.C., USA.

UHSO. (1990). Gerontology. Health careers and issues. Retrieved from http://www.ph.ucla.edu/uhso.

UN. (2004). World population prospects: The 2004 Revision. Highlights. Retrived from www.un.org/esa/population/

Waters, R. (2009). A Profile of global aging. Washington,D.C., USA.

Wylie, R. (1974). The self-concept. Revised edition. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.




About this article

Title

PSYCHOLOGICAL CHALLENGES OF ELDERS IN GONDAR, NORTH WEST ETHIOPIA

Date

01-10-2014

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Innovare Journal of Social Sciences
Vol 2 Issue 4 2014 (October-December) Page: 86-94

Online ISSN

2347-5544

Statistics

384 Views | 154 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

simegn sendek yizengaw
University of Gondar College of Social Science and the Humanities Psychology Department Lecturer
Ethiopia

asfaw getnet gebiresilus
University of Gondar College of Social Science and the Humanities Psychology Department Lecturer
Ethiopia


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.