A WIDE REVIEW OF HEALTH AND ECONOMY OF BANGLADESH AMID COVID-19 PANDEMIC
COVID-19 has affected 213 countries around the soil, killing around 480,000 and infecting close to 9.4 million by June 24, 2020 (worldometer.info). Bangladesh, a low-middle-income South Asian economy, has experienced an epidemiological and demographic transition with rapid urbanization and a gradual increase in life expectancy. It is the world’s seventh most populous country and the country’s population is expected to almost double by 2050. The increasing burden of transmissible diseases in Bangladesh can be attributed to rapid urbanization and nearly 50% of the country’s slum residents live in the Dhaka division. Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control, and Research National Rapid Response Team investigated 26 disease-outbreak incidents in 2017. The joint survey conducted by the Power and Participation Research Center and the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee Institute for Governance and Development reveals that per capita daily income of urban slums and rural poor people drops by 80% due to the current national shutdown forced by the government to stop the increase of COVID-19. About 40–50% of these inhabitants took loans to get together the daily operating cost. The country has only 127,000 hospital beds, of which 91,000 are in government-run hospitals. Researchers say that the economy of the country loses 33 billion BDT per day from its repair in addition to agriculture sectors during the nationwide shutdown.
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