ETHNIC PARTIES AND STATE CONTINUITY IN ETHIOPIA: A CASE ON OROMO LIBERATION FRONT (OLF) AND NATIONAL MOVEMENT OF AMHARA (NaMa)
Keywords:Amhara, NaMA, National unity, OLF, Oromo
Objective: The objective of this article was to demonstrate the position of OLF and NaMA regarding the Ethiopian state continuity and national issues.
Methods: Interview, observation, and focus group discussion were employed beside to document and manifesto analysis. The research is qualitative and used comparative case study design. The analysis technique was thematic.
Results: The finding of this study reveals OLF as secessionist, consider emperor Menelik II as a black colonizer and other Ethiopian Emperors as assimilationist. It has zero value for Abyssinian values and legacies. Its participation in destructing economic sectors, sowing ethnic hatred, killing innocents, treason against the state, and unwillingness to demilitarize till today demonstrates it as a threat for national unity. Conversely, NaMA praise the works of previous Ethiopian rulers and claim Addis Ababa as the city of All Ethiopians. Unlike OLF that was formed on the basis of colonial thesis, NaMA was formed on the basis of national oppression thesis. It strongly supports unity and state continuity.
Conclusion: A discussion platform among political parties for national consensus and unity has to be extensively done. Such unresolved issues will going to be a threat for state continuity. Major revisions on constitution and other legal frameworks should be adopted.
Abebe Z. OLF and Ethiopian Sovereignty. Bergen: University of Bergen; 2012.
Abrham A. Ethnicity and dilemmas of state making: Ethnic federalism and institutional reforms in Ethiopia. Int J Minor Group Rights 2006;13:243-61.
Asefa S. Special Issue: Challenges of Building Democratic Institutions for Governance and Development in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa; 2003.
Catherine D. A Practical Guide to Research Methods. A User-friendly Guide to Mastering Research Techniques and Projects; 2007.
Chandra K. Ethnic parties and democratic stability. Perspect Polit 2005;3:235-52.
DFAT. Country Information Report Ethiopia Disintegration. North East African Studies; 2017. p. 69-75.
Ethiopia Observer. Heavily Armed Men Robed 17 Banks Ethiopia. Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on African Studies Ethiopia; 2019.
Ethiopian Information Service Network. The Hidden Massacre of Amharas. Ethiopian Information Service Network; 1991.
Federal Negarit Gazeta. 14th Year No 62, Addis Ababa 24th September, 2008. Proclamation for Ethiopia on Horn Affairs; 2008.
Habtu A. Ethnic federalism in Ethiopia: Background, present conditions, and institutional reforms in Ethiopia. Int J Ethiop Stud 2003;2:77-119.
Habtu A. Future Prospects. International Conference on African Development Archives; 2003.
Hashmi R, Majeed G. Politics of Ethnicity: A Theoretical Perspective. A Research Techniques and Projects. How to Books Ltd.; 2015.
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 4 (11)49-54.
Jaleta A. The Ethiopian state: Authoritarianism, violence and clandestine genocide. J Pan Afr Stud 2010.
Keller EJ. The ethnogenesis of the Oromo nation and its implications for politics in Ethiopia. J Mod Afr Stud 1995;33:621-34.
Kelly N, Ashiagbor S. Political Parties and Democracy in Theoretical and Practical Perspectives: Parliamentary Groups; 2011.
Lentz C. Tribalism’ and Ethnicity in Africa. A Review of Four Decades of Anglophone Research. Research Ethnicity Nation; 1995.
Matthews B, Ross L. Research Methods: A Practical Guide for the Social Sciences. Harlow: Longman; 2010.
Milkias P. Ethiopia, the TPLF and Roots of the 2001 Political Tremor; 2003.
National Movement of Amhara Political Program, No.573/2008, The Revised Political Parties Registration Proclamation; 2019. p. 4282.
OLF Press Release. The Oromo People Will never Allow the Reinstatement of Finfinnee (Addis Ababa) Master Plan; 2017.
Olzak S. Competition Theory of Ethnic/Racial Conflict and Protest. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; 2013.
Oromo Liberation Front Political Program; 2012.
Schreiber J, Asner-Self K. The interrelationships of Questions, Sampling, Design and Analysis. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Inc.; 2011.
Selassie AG. Ethiopia: Problems and prospects for democracy. William Mary Bill Rights J 1992;205:205-26.
Teshome W. Ethiopian Opposition Political Parties and Rebel Fronts: Past and TPLF Manifesto, 1976; 2009.
Valfort M. Ethical Altruistic Voting in a Multi-ethnic Developing Country; 2006.
Van der Baken C. Federalism and the Accommodation of Ethnic Diversity: The Case of Ethiopia. Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on African Studies; 2009.
Vermeersch P. Theories of Ethnic Mobilization: Overview and Recent trends. CRPD Perspectives Parliamentary Groups. National Democratic Institute Present “International Journal of Human and Social Sciences; 2011.
Wagaw TG. Emerging Issues of Ethiopian Nationalities: Cohesion or Working Paper No. 3. Leuven: University of Leuven; 1981.
Young J. Regionalism and Democracy in Ethiopia. Third World Q 1998;19:191.
Zerai A. Ethnic Based Party Systems and Democratic Stability: Implications, Meeting; 2018.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 bekele tafere
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.