PRO-SOCIAL BEHAVIORS AND IDENTITY STATUSES AMONG ADOLESCENT STUDENTS, ADDIS ABABA ETHIOPIA
Introduction- The purpose of this study was to investigate prosocial behavior and identity status of adolescent students in Secondary and Preparatory School.
Methods- A self report questionnaire was used to collect date from 137 adolescent students using simple random sampling. Quantitative analyses (both descriptive and inferential statistical) were used to analyze the obtained data.
ÂResults- The study shows that most students did not achieve their identity. As compared to male students, female students participated more in overall prosocial behavior. More specifically, female students reported higher involvement in emotional, altruism, anonymous and public prosocial behaviors. There was significant mean difference in prosocial behaviors involvements among students categorized under foreclosure, moratorium, and diffusion and achievement identity statuses. Identity foreclosed students reported highest involvement in emotional, dire, compliant, and public prosocial behaviors. Besides, students who have achieved their identity reported more involvement in altruism and anonymous types of prosocial behaviors. However, students with identity diffusion reported least involvement in all forms of prosocial behaviors.
1. Bordens KS, Horowitz IA. Social Psychology 3rd- Ed 2008; USA: Freeload Press.
2. Delamter JW, Myers DJ. Social Psychology 7th Ed 2011; UK: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning Development.
3. Erikson EH. The Life Cycle Completed 1997; New York: Norton & Company.
4. Grusce JE & Hastings PD. Handbook of socialization: Theory and Research 2007; New York: The Guildford Press.
5. Abebaw MA special Form of Child Abuse: Using Children for Begging and Its Psychosocial Effects on the Behaviour of Children. MA Thesis Department of Psychology 2003; Addis Ababa University.
6. Wubishet D. Begging as Means of Livelihood: Conferring with the Poor at the Orthodox Religious Ceremonial Days in Addis Ababa. African Study Monographs. Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology 2005; Addis Ababa University.
7. Adugna A. Attitude of Students towards Prosocial Behavior: the case of Debre-Markos Preparatory School. M.A Thesis Department of Psychology 2012; Addis Ababa University.
8. Tafetu S. Factors Influencing Volunteers Helping Behavior: the case of Red Cross Society Youth Volunteers in Addis Ababa. MA Thesis Department of Psychology 2007; Addis Ababa University.
9. Lapsley DK, Narvaez D. Moral Development, Self, and Identity 2004; Londoná¡ Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
10. Schulenberg J, Maggs J. A Developmental Perspective on Alcohol Use and Heavy Drinking during Adolescence and the Transition to Young Adulthood. Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research and Department of Psychology 2010; University of Michigan.
11. Yekoyealem D. The Relationship between Parenting Style and Identity Status of Secondary and Preparatory Adolescents at Debre Birhan. MA Thesis, Department of Psychology 2005; Addis Ababa University.
12. Zemzem J. The Relationship between Parental Involvement and Identity Achievement during Adolescence. MA Thesis Department of Psychology 2006; Addis Ababa University.
13. Bierhoff HW. Prosocial behavior 2002; New York: Psychology Press.
14. Hardy SA, Kisling JW. Identity Statuses and Prosocial Behaviors in Young Adulthood: A Brief Report, Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research 2006; 6(4): 363-369.
15. Holger B, Jan H. Identity, Prosocial Behavior, and Generative Concern in German and Cameroonian Adolescents J Adolesc 2011; 34(4): 629-638.
16. Global Consultation, 2009. Altruism and Prosocial Behavior. In D. T. Gilbert, S. T.
17. Argaw B. The Altruistic Behaviour of Home-Reared, Institutionalized and street Children. MA Thesis Department of Psychology. 2001; Addis Ababa University
18. Padilla-Walker ML, Barry CM, Carroll JS, Madsen SD, Nelson LJ. Looking on the Bright Side: The Role of Identity Status and Gender on Positive Orientations during Emerging Adulthood J Adolesc. 2008; 31(4): 451-467.
19. Hardy SA, Pratt MW, Pancer SM, Olsen JA, Lawford HL. Community and religious involvement as contexts of identity change across late adolescence and emerging adulthood. Int J Behav Dev 2011; 35: 125-135.
20. Busch H, Hofer J. Identity, prosocial behavior, and generative concern in Cambridge University Press. Cambridge 2011.
21. James E, Bartllet JE, Kottrlik JW, Higins CC. Organizational Research: Determining Appropriate Sample Size in Survey Research. Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal 2001; 19(1): 43-50.
22. Carlo G, Randall BA. The development of a measure of prosocial behaviors for late adolescents J Youth Adolesc 2002; 31(1): 31-44.
23. Balistreri E, Busch-Rossnagel NA, Geisinger KF. Development and preliminary validation of the ego identity process questionnaire J Adolesc 1995; 18(2): 179-192.
24. Archer S. Identity status in Early and Middle Adolescence. A Book for Psychological Researches 1993; New York: Spring Verlage.
25. Gustavo C, Hausmann, Anne H, Stacie C, Brandy AR. Socio-cognitive and Behavioral Correlates of a Measure of Prosocial Tendencies for Adolescents. J Early Adolescence 2008; 23(1): 107-134.
26. Gregory AM. Light-Hausermann JH, Rijsdijk F, Eley TC. Behavioral genetic analyses of prosocial behavior in adolescents Developmental Science 2009; 12(1): 165-174.
27. Crocetti E, Jahromi P, Meeus W. Identity and civic engagement in adolescence J Adolesc 2012; 35(3): 521â€“532.