SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR IN KITCHEN IS LIABLE TO FAT ACCUMULATION AND CARDIO-METABOLIC RISK
Objective: Sedentary habits are considered one of the most important reasons for various cardiovascular complication and risks. Taking into this
account the objective of the present study was to to explore the empirical association between accumulation of fat and heart health status among nonsedentary
and sedentary habits in kitchen
of our modernized society.
Method: The current study included 100 women (22-40 years old). Workers who met the inclusion criteria were assigned in to two groups: Group (I)
Non-sedentary workers (n-58) and Group (II) - sedentary workers (n-42). Commonly, workers which used to do simple movement work in kitchen
were considered as control and which mostly worked at one place in kitchen for more than 6-hours of total working schedule (8â€“hours). were included
in sedentary workers, Anthropometric measurement like body fat ( (%waist circumference(WC), waist hip (WH) ratio, and heart rate variability(HRV)
were measured and analyzed by the independent student Ê»tÊ¼ test, followed by Pearson correlation and Linear regression.
Result: we observed, there was significant increase in body fat ( (%, WC, WH ratio and sympathetic dominance among sedentary participants when
compare to non-sedentary participants. There was significant negative correlation between LF and HF, body fat and HF, as well as WH ratio and HF,
and significant positive correlation between body fat and LF as well as WH ratio and LF.
Conclusion: These results suggest that sedentary behaviour in kitchen is associated with accumulation of adiposity and alteration of sympatho-vagal
balance, may lead to cardiometabolic risk in adult women.
Key words: Body fat distribution, Heart rate variability, Sedentary habit, physical activity.
1. Pate RR, Oâ€™Neill JR, Lobelo F. The evolving definition of sedentaryâ€.
Exerc Sport Sci Rev 2008;36(4):173-8.
2. Tremblay MS, Colley RC, Saunders TJ, Healy GN, Owen N.
Physiological and health implications of a sedentary lifestyle. Appl
Physiol Nutr Metab 2010;35(6):725-40.
3. Wijndaele K, Healy GN, Dunstan DW, Barnett AG, Salmon J, Shaw JE,
et al. Increased cardiometabolic risk is associated with increased TV
viewing time. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2010;42(8):1511-8.
4. World Health Organization (WHO). Waist Circumference and WaistHip
Ratio: Report of a WHO
Consultation. Geneva, 8 to
2008. Geneva: WHO;
5. Browning LM, Hsieh SD, Ashwell M. A systematic review of waistto-height
ratio as a screening tool for the prediction of
and diabetes: 0Â·5
could be a suitable
global boundary value.
Nutr Res Rev 2010;23(2):247-69.
6. Blair SN. Physical inactivity: The biggest public health problem of the
century. Br J Sports Med 2009;43(1):1-2.
7. Hedman A, Hartikainen J, Hakumaki M. Physiological background
underlying short-term heart rate variability. Ann Noninvasive
8. Heart rate variability: Standards of measurement, physiological
interpretation and clinical use. Task Force of the European Society
of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and
Electrophysiology. Circulation 1996;93(5):1043-65.
9. International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry
(ISAK): International Standards for Anthropometric Assessment.
Underdale: ISAK; 2001. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/
10. Goodman-Gruen D, Barrett-Connor E. Sex differences in measures
of body fat and body fat distribution in the elderly. Am J Epidemiol
11. WHO Expert Consultation. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian
populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies.
Asian J Pharm Clin Res, Vol 9, Issue 1, 2016, 263-267
Choudhary et al.
12. Durnin JV, Womersley J. Body fat assessed from total body density and
its estimation from skinfold thickness: Measurements on 481 men and
women aged from 16 to 72 years. Br J Nutr 1974;32(1):77-97.
13. Giugliano R, Carneiro EC. Factors associated with obesity in school
children. J Pediatr (Rio J) 2004;80(1):17-22.
14. Brunner EJ, Marmot MG, Nanchahal K, Shipley MJ, Stansfeld SA,
Juneja M, et al. Social inequality in coronary risk: Central obesity
and the metabolic syndrome. Evidence from the Whitehall II study.
15. Nakamura K, Shimai S, Kikuchi S, Takahashi H, Tanaka M, Nakano S,
et al. Increases in body mass index and waist circumference as outcomes
of working overtime. Occup Med (Lond) 1998;48(3):169-73.
16. Smith KR. Exercise can help control body changes during menopause.
Health Care Food Nutr Focus 2005;22(10):10-1.
17. International Obesity Task Force â€“ IOTF. Preventing Childhood
Obesity. London: British Medical Association. Board of Science: IOTF;
18. McNeely MJ, Shofer JB, Leonetti DL, Fujimoto WY, Boyko EJ.
Associations among visceral fat, all-cause mortality, and obesity-related
mortality in Japanese Americans. Diabetes Care 2012;35(2):296-8.
19. Kuk JL, Katzmarzyk PT, Nichaman MZ, Church TS, Blair SN, Ross R.
Visceral fat is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in men.
Obesity (Silver Spring) 2006;14(2):336-41.
20. DesprÃ©s JP, Lemieux I, Prudâ€™homme D. Treatment of obesity:
Need to focus on high risk abdominally obese patients. BMJ
21. McGuire KA, Ross R. Incidental physical activity and sedentary
behavior are not associated with abdominal adipose tissue in inactive
adults. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2012;20(3):576-82.
22. Katona PG, McLean M, Dighton DH, Guz A. Sympathetic and
parasympathetic cardiac control in athletes and nonathletes at rest.
J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol 1982;52(6):1652-7.
23. Chacon-Mikahil MP, Forti VA, Catai AM, Szrajer JS, Golfetti R,
Martins LE, et al. Cardiorespiratory adaptations induced by aerobic
training in middle-aged men: The importance of a decrease in
sympathetic stimulation for the contribution of dynamic exercise
tachycardia. Braz J Med Biol Res 1998;31(5):705-12.
24. Martini G, Riva P, Rabbia F, Molini V, Ferrero GB, Cerutti F, et al. Heart
rate variability in childhood obesity. Clin Auton Res 2001;11(2):87-91.
25. Faulkner MS, Hathaway D, Tolley B. Cardiovascular autonomic
function in healthy adolescents. Heart Lung 2003;32(1):10-22.
26. Gallagher D, Terenzi T, de Meersman R. Heart rate variability in
smokers, sedentary and aerobically fit individuals. Clin Auton Res
27. Grossman P, Wilhelm FH, Spoerle M. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia,
cardiac vagal control, and daily activity. Am J Physiol Heart Circ
28. Paschoal MA, Volanti VM, Fernandes FC. Cardiac rate variability in
different age groups. Rev Bras Fisioter 2006;10:39-41.
29. Palatini P. Elevated heart rate as a predictor of increased cardiovascular
morbidity. J Hypertens Suppl 1999;17(3):S3-10.
30. Riva P, Martini G, Rabbia F, Milan A, Paglieri C, Chiandussi L, et al.
Obesity and autonomic function in adolescence. Clin Exp Hypertens
The publication is licensed under CC By and is open access. Copyright is with author and allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions.