IN VITRO ANTI-ACETYL CHOLINESTERASE AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF SELECTED MALAYSIAN PLANTS

  • Azhari H. Nour
  • Muhammad Khan
  • Ahmad Ziad Sulaiman
  • Tahira Batool
  • Ab Rehman Hamid Nour
  • Muhammad Mumtaz Khan
  • Faridah Kormin

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to discover and identify the potential plant extracts that could be vital against Alzheimer’s disease (AD). It is a neurodegenerative disease affecting the brain. The most promising target for the symptomatic treatment and slowing of AD progression is cholinesterase inhibitors from plants.

 

Methods: To evaluate the antioxidant and anti-acetylcholinesterase (AChEI) activities leaves and roots were macerated and refluxed with ethanol extracts, from four medicinal plants, namely; C.asiatica, M.pudica, C.pumila, and L.camara. DPPH and β-carotene assays were used to determine antioxidant activity; whereas Ellman’s colorimetric method was adopted to quantify AChEI activity.

 

Results: The refluxed ethanol extract of M.pudica leaves exhibited the highest AChEI activity (IC50 = 0.047 mg/ml) and high antioxidant activity (β-carotene; IC50 = 0.14 mg/ml and DPPH; IC50 = 0.012 mg/ml).

 

Conclusion: Results reveal that all plant extracts studied possess anti-oxidant properties. Most potent extracts could be a lead to novel antioxidants and acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors, for the treatment of AD.

 

Keywords; Alzheimer’s disease (AD); Acetylcholinesterase activity; Antioxidant activity; β-carotene; DPPH; Medicinal plants.
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How to Cite
H. Nour, A., M. Khan, A. Z. Sulaiman, T. Batool, A. R. Hamid Nour, M. Mumtaz Khan, and F. Kormin. “IN VITRO ANTI-ACETYL CHOLINESTERASE AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF SELECTED MALAYSIAN PLANTS”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 7, no. 3, July 2014, pp. 93-97, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/1169.
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Original Article(s)