A REVIEW ON THE NEURAL CIRCUITS IN ANXIETY DISORDERS


Ashwani Arya, Gulshan Sindhwani

Abstract


ABSTRACT
Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental, emotional, and behavioral problems. These affect one-eighth of the total population worldwide.
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by irritability, fear, insomnia, nervousness, tachycardia, inability to concentrate,
poor coping skills, palpitation, sweating, agoraphobia, and social withdrawal. Brain regions and networks involved in anxiety symptomatology is
an effort to better understand the mechanism involved and to develop more effective treatments for the anxiety disorders. Thus, neuroanatomical
and neuroimaging research in anxiety disorders has centered on the role of the amygdala, reciprocal connections between the amygdala and the
prefrontal cortex, and, most recently, alterations in interoceptive processing by the anterior insula. Anxiety disorders are characterized by alterations
in a diverse range of neurochemical systems, suggesting ample novel targets for drug therapies. The neurotransmitter like corticotropin-releasing
factor, neuropeptides (substance P, neuropeptide Y, oxytocin, orexin, and galanin) are implicated in anxiety pathways. Each of these active areas of
research holds promise for expanding and improving evidence-based treatment options for individuals suffering with clinical anxiety. Therefore,
this article gives the information on the neurocognitive mechanisms, causes, neurotransmitter involved in anxiety disorders and emphasize on the
therapeutic targets for anxiety disorders.
Keywords: Anxiety, Stress, Amygdala, Corticotropin releasing factor, Insula, Thalamus.


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About this article

Title

A REVIEW ON THE NEURAL CIRCUITS IN ANXIETY DISORDERS

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2016.v9s3.11820

Date

01-12-2016

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 9 Suppl 3 December 2016 Page: 26-31

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

228 Views | 147 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Ashwani Arya
Department of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, BPS Women University, South Campus, Bhainswal Kalan, Sonipat ( Haryana)
India

Gulshan Sindhwani


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