DRUG UTILIZATION PATTERN IN AN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT AT A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN OMAN

  • Ibrahim Al-zakwani Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy College of Medicine and Health Sciences Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
  • Marwa Al-thuhli College of Medicine and Health Sciences Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
  • Abdulhakeem Al-hashim 3Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Al-Khod, Oman
  • Khalid A Al Balushi Department of Pharmacology & Clinical Pharmacy, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Al-Khod, Oman http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4638-8787

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the drug prescribing trends in the ICU department and correlate them with the disease patterns and patients’ outcomes.

Methods: The case records of patients admitted to the ICU at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), a teaching hospital in Oman, during a 5-month period between June 1st to October 31st 2013 were analyzed. The variables collected included demographic and clinical characteristics as well as duration of hospitalization, indications and utilization of different drugs.

Results: A total of 138 patients were evaluated with an average of age ‎46±19‎ years. The average length of stay at ICU‎ was ‎4.5±3.5 days. The‎ average number of drugs per prescription was ‎8.0±4.6‎. The most common route used was the parenteral route (66%) followed by the enteral route (25%). Anti-infective drugs were the most commonly prescribed class of drugs (25%) followed by gastrointestinal drugs (20%). Antibiotics accounted for 12% of the total drugs prescribed. Trauma was the most common indication for the admission to the ICU (22%).

Conclusion: Drugs prescription patterns in the ICU appeared to be similar to those reported in previous studies. However, prescription protocols need to be addressed to guide appropriate use of drugs in the ICU setting.

 

Author Biographies

Ibrahim Al-zakwani, Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy College of Medicine and Health Sciences Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical PharmacyCollege of Medicine and Health SciencesSultan Qaboos University, Oman
Marwa Al-thuhli, College of Medicine and Health Sciences Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Senior Medical Student, College of Medicine and Health SciencesSultan Qaboos University, Oman
Abdulhakeem Al-hashim, 3Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Al-Khod, Oman

Senior Consultant, Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Al-Khod, Oman

Khalid A Al Balushi, Department of Pharmacology & Clinical Pharmacy, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Al-Khod, Oman
Dr Khalid AlBalushiAssistant Dean Postgraduate Studies and ResearchAssociate Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical PharmacyCollege of Medicine and Health SciencesSultan Qaboos University, OmanTel.: 00968-24143458Fax: 00968-24141107

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Al-zakwani, I., M. Al-thuhli, A. Al-hashim, and K. A. Al Balushi. “DRUG UTILIZATION PATTERN IN AN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT AT A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN OMAN”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 10, no. 2, Feb. 2017, pp. 194-7, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i2.15148.
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