PREPARATION AND EVALUATION OF CONTROLLED RELEASE FLOATING MICROSPHERES OF REPAGLINIDE: OPTIMIZATION AND IN-VITRO STUDIES


Megha Sharma, Seema Kohli, Abhisek Pal

Abstract


ABSTRACT
Objective: To develop and evaluate floating microspheres of repaglinide (RG).
Materials and Methods: RG loaded noneffervescent microspheres of different ratios of ethylcellulose (EC) and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC
K4M) were prepared using polyvinyl alcohol as emulsifier by solvent evaporation technique. Various process variables such as polymer ratio, stirring
speed, concentration of drug, and emulsifying agent were studied. Compatibility of drug and polymers was studied by Fourier-transform infrared
spectroscopy (FTIR). Characterization, in-vitro evaluation, and kinetic studies were performed.
Results: FTIR spectra have revealed no drug-excipient incompatibility. The average particle size of microspheres was in the range of 312-359 μm. The
results showed that floating microspheres were successfully prepared with good yield (56.15-64.3%), high entrapment efficiency (58.22-70.14%),
and good floating behavior (63.1-76.2%), respectively. In-vitro release data indicates appreciable amount of drug is released (62.28-73.27%) from the
microspheres in gastric fluid. The mechanism of drug release founds to follow first order kinetics (r2=0.986).
Conclusion: The developed floating microspheres of RG may be used for prolonged drug release for at least 12 hrs, thereby improving bioavailability
and patient compliance.
Keywords: Repaglinide, Compatibility, Kinetic, Ethylcellulose.


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References


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Table 2: Results of micromeritics properties

Batch code

Mean particle size

Bulk density

Tapped density

Angle of repose

C1

±11.2

68±0.24

84±0.12

81±1.11°

C2

±24.0

67±0.48

85±0.47

57±1.82°

C3

±24.2

66±0.54

84±0.34

34±2.11º

C4

±77.2

67±0.31

83±0.25

85±2.84°

C5

±92.1

70±0.36

87±0.21

23±1.54°

C6

±110.5

68±0.41

86±0.38

97±1.27°

C7

±82.3

69±0.48

87±0.35

72±3.01°

C8

±93.5

65±0.21

84±0.65

12±0.87°

C9

±72.7

64±0.45

86±0.31

65±2.51°

Fig. 4: Effect of emulsifier concentration on various optimization parameters. All data are represented as mean±standard deviation (n=3)

Fig. 5: First order plot of optimized formulation (C2)

Asian J Pharm Clin Res, Vol 10, Issue 3, 2017, 103-107

Sharma et al.

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About this article

Title

PREPARATION AND EVALUATION OF CONTROLLED RELEASE FLOATING MICROSPHERES OF REPAGLINIDE: OPTIMIZATION AND IN-VITRO STUDIES

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i3.15310

Date

01-03-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 3 March 2017 Page: 103-107

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

152 Views | 159 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Megha Sharma
Shri Ram Institute of Technology (Pharmacy) Jabalpur
India

Seema Kohli
Department of Pharmacy KN Polytechnic College Jabalpur
India

Abhisek Pal
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar (Orissa)
India


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