APPLICABILITY OF NANOPARTICLES-HYDROGEL COMPOSITE IN TREATING PERIODONTAL DISEASES AND BEYOND

  • Nafiu Aminu 1. Discipline of Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang, Malaysia. 2. Department of Pharmaceutics & Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • Seok Ming Toh

Abstract

Nanoparticles-Hydrogel Composite (nanogels) have yielded a surge in the design and development of novel drug delivery systems for the treatment of many ailments, including periodontal disease. The recent innovations in nanotechnological drug carrier systems seem promising, as it provides a means to improve the bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs, formulations of controlled and targeted drug delivery systems, drug release control base on the stimuli response, among others. Several polymeric nanoparticles-hydrogel co-formulations have been investigated during the last few years, mostly using synthetic & natural polymers. Some of the results and rewards achieved from these novel approaches are the use of bioadhesive polymers to achieve prolong drug release, the increment of intra-pocket drug penetration, the enhancement of mechanical properties using chemical crosslinkers and the possibility of loading multiple drugs in a unit delivery system.  Furthermore, these nanotechnological advances have also shown that nanoparticles (NPs) possess great potential as drug carriers in periodontal disease treatment. The future utilization of these advantages will significantly improve dental care. The co-formulation of nanoparticles-hydrogel composite will yield additional benefits that are much greater than ordinary NPs or hydrogels in delivering of drug into the periodontal pockets. The aim of this review article is to summarises updates on the current and future nanotechnological approaches that are being investigated for the treatment of periodontitis, with particular attention to the nanogels, and to identify arenas which its exploration might lead to the development of an effective intra-pocket drug delivery systems for the treatment of periodontal diseases. The review also provided brief applications of nanogels in the management of other diseases.

Keywords: Nanocomposite, Hydrogels, Nanoparticles, Nanogels, Periodontal intra-pocket drug delivery system, Nanotechnological approaches.

Author Biography

Nafiu Aminu, 1. Discipline of Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang, Malaysia. 2. Department of Pharmaceutics & Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria.
Lecturer and PhD candidate

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How to Cite
Aminu, N., and S. M. Toh. “APPLICABILITY OF NANOPARTICLES-HYDROGEL COMPOSITE IN TREATING PERIODONTAL DISEASES AND BEYOND”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 10, no. 2, Feb. 2017, pp. 65-70, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i2.15709.
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