COLORECTAL CANCER AND ITS RISK FACTORS AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN SOUTHERN KARNATAKA, INDIA


Rashmi R Aithal, Ranjitha S Shetty, Binu V S, Sneha Deepak Mallya, Rajgopal Shenoy K, Suma Nair

Abstract


Objective: To determine the association between certain socio-demographic and life style factors with colorectal cancer.

Methods: This case-control study was conducted using a pre-designed questionnaire among 100 incident colorectal cancer patients and 200 unmatched controls attending a tertiary care hospital in southern Karnataka. Cases and the controls were interviewed and details regarding their socio-demographic factors were collected. Information on lifestyle factors such as dietary habits, physical activity levels and substance use were documented. They were also assessed for presence of existing co-morbidities and family history of colorectal and other cancers. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine the association between various risk factors and colorectal cancer.

Results: In the present hospital based study, mean age of the participants was less than 55 years. Sixty three percent of the cases and 54.5% of the controls were males. On multivariable analysis age ≥50years (OR=1.87; 95%CI=1.02-3.45), low physical activity (OR=5.66; 95%CI=3.10-10.34) and low frequency of fruits consumption (OR=4.10; 95%CI=2.21-7.50) and hypertension (OR= 4.65; 95% CI=1.32-16.44) showed a positive association with colorectal cancer.

Conclusion: Promoting healthy dietary practices and physical activity among the middle aged population appears to be significant in the context of colorectal cancer prevention in the Indian subcontinent.

Keywords: Colorectal cancer, Case–control, Risk factors, Lifestyle, Comorbidities.


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About this article

Title

COLORECTAL CANCER AND ITS RISK FACTORS AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN SOUTHERN KARNATAKA, INDIA

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i4.16194

Date

01-04-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 4 April 2017 Page: 109-112

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

64 Views | 96 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Rashmi R Aithal
Post graduate Student, Department of Anesthesia Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore
India

Ranjitha S Shetty
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal
India

Binu V S
Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics, Manipal University, Manipal
India

Sneha Deepak Mallya
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal
India

Rajgopal Shenoy K
Professor, Department of Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal
India

Suma Nair
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal
India


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