• MALARVIZHI D Associate Professor,SRM college of Physiotherapy,SRM University
  • Sai Kishore Varma R
  • Sivakumar Vpr


Objective: The objective of the study was to measure the anterior pelvic tilt for both males and females of low back pain patients.

Methods: Observational type. Procedure: Totally, 120 subjects were approached. In that 70 were males and 50 were females. Using i@handy
application in mobile anterior pelvic tilt was calculated among low back pain patients.

Results: Anterior pelvic tilt was increased in low back pain patients (male - 14.15° and female - 16.26°). In that correlation between males and visual
analog scale (VAS) was not significant. However, there was a significant correlation found in female anterior pelvic tilt and VAS (p<0.01).

Conclusion: This study concluded that there was an increase in anterior pelvic tilt among low back pain patients. Anterior pelvic tilt and VAS was
highly correlated in females, not in males.

Keywords: i@handy, Anterior pelvic tilt, Low back pain.


1. Nachemson A, Lindh M. Measurement of abdominal and back muscle strength with and without low back pain. Scand J Rehabil Med 1969;1(2):60-3.
2. Mayer TG, Tencer AF, Kristoferson S, Mooney V. Use of noninvasive techniques for quantification of spinal range-of-motion in normal subjects and chronic low-back dysfunction patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 1984;9(6):588-95.
3. Samuel SS. Assessment of self medication among patients attending community phramacises in Erode India. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2013;3(4):258-62.
4. McEvoy MP. Anterior pelvic tilt in elite cyclists - A comparative matched pairs study. Phys Ther Sports 2007;2(1):75-80.
5. Day JW, Smidt GL, Lehmann T. Effect of pelvic tilt on standing posture. Phys Ther 1984;64(4):510-6.
6. Iyer RN. Assessment of efficacy, safety and quality of life in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis using Salmon calcitonin nasal spray. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2013;6(2):117-9. 7. Gajdosik R, Simpson R, Smith R, DonTigny RL. Pelvic tilt. Intratester reliability of measuring the standing position and range of motion. Phys Ther 1985;65(2):169-74.
8. Walker ML, Rothstein JM, Finucane SD, Lamb RL. Relationships between lumbar lordosis, pelvic tilt, and abdominal muscle performance. Phys Ther 1987;67(4):512-6.
9. Elnaggar IM, Nordin M, Sheikhzadeh A, Parnianpour M, Kahanovitz N. Effects of spinal flexion and extension exercises on low-back pain and spinal mobility in chronic mechanical low-back pain patients. Spine (Phila PA 1976) 1991;16(8):967-72.
10. Alviso DJ, Dong GT, Lentell GL. Intertester reliability for measuring pelvic tilt in standing. Phys Ther 1988;68(9):1347-51.
11. Tripathy A. A retrospective study of clinical profile and drug prescribing pattern in osteoporosis in a tertiary care hospital. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2015;7(10):390-3.
12. Waddell G, Somerville D, Henderson I, Newton M. Objective clinical evaluation of physical impairment in chronic low back pain. Spine (Phila PA 1976) 1992;17(6):617-28.
13. Bogduk N. The sources of low back pain. In: Jayson MI, editor. The Lumbar Spine and Back Pain. 4th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston; 1992. p. 71-2.
14. Moll JM, Wright V. Measurement of spinal movement and function. In: Jayson MI, editor. The Lumbar Spine and Back Pain. 4th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 1992. p. 173-205.
15. Beninato M, Hudson KR, Price KS. A study of the correlation among lumbar lordosis, pelvic tilt, hamstring and hip flexor muscle length. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1993;17:61.
16. Saur PM, Ensink FB, Frese K, Seeger D, Hildebrandt J. Lumbar range of motion: Reliability and validity of the inclinometer technique in the clinical measurement of trunk flexibility. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 1996;21(11):1332-8.
17. Youdas JW, Garrett TR, Harmsen S, Suman VJ, Carey JR. Lumbar lordosis and pelvic inclination of asymptomatic adults. Phys Ther 1996;76(10):1066-81.
18. Levine D, Walker R, Tillman LJ. The effect of abdominal muscle strengthening on pelvic tilt and lumbar lordosis. Physiother Theory Pract 1997;13:217-26.
19. Lee D. The Pelvic Girdle: An Approach to Examination and Treatment of the Lumbo-Pelvic-Hip Region. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 1999.
20. Bible JE, Biswas D, Miller CP, Whang PG, Grauer JN. Normal functional range of motion of the lumbar spine during 15 activities of daily living. J Spinal Disord Tech 2010;23(2):106-12.
21. Lee JH, Hoshino Y, Nakamura K, Kariya Y, Saita K, Ito K. Trunk muscle weakness as a risk factor for low back pain. A 5-year prospective study. Spine (Phila PA 1976) 1999;24(1):54-7.
22. Ng JK, Kippers V, Richardson CA, Parnianpour M. Range of motion and lordosis of the lumbar spine: Reliability of measurement and normative values. Spine (Phila PA 1976) 2001;26(1):53-60.
23. Petrone MR, Guinn J, Reddin A, Sutlive TG, Flynn TW, Garber MP. The accuracy of the palpation meter (PALM) for measuring pelvic crest height difference and leg length discrepancy. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2003;33(6):319-25.
24. O’Sullivan P. It’s time for change with the management of non-specific chronic low back pain. Br J Sports Med 2012;46(4):224-7.
25. Lim HS, Roh SY. The relationship between pelvic tilt angle and disability associated with low back pain. J Phys Ther Sci 2013;10:236-42.
612 Views | 2051 Downloads
How to Cite
D, M., S. K. Varma R, and S. Vpr. “MEASUREMENT OF ANTERIOR PELVIC TILT IN LOW BACK PAIN- AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 10, no. 4, Apr. 2017, pp. 115-8, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i4.16254.
Original Article(s)