• Seema Gupta Department of Physiology, Santosh Medical College & Hospital, Santosh University, Ghaziabad
  • Varun Malhotra
  • Yogesh Tripathi
  • Pratibha Dev


Background: Textile industries play a significant role in economical growth of the country. Health concern of these textile mill workers is the biggest challenge. Respiratory alterations were found in these workers with long term exposure of cotton dust. Effect of cotton dust on peak expiratory flow rate is not very well documented in the past.

Aim/objective: The main objective of this study was the assessment of respiratory functions in textile mill workers along with the effect on peak expiratory flow rate in these workers.

Material & Methods: 130 male textile mill workers were recruited for this study from the different sections of a textile mill. In which, 80 workers were present from exposed and remaining 50 were from non exposed area of a textile mill. 30 to 40 year of age workers with the working history of not more than 5 years, were included for the part of the study. Their Body mass index and respiratory functions were evaluated. Body mass index was calculated by using weight and height of an individual. Respiratory functions including Forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 second was estimated by using spirometer and peak expiratory flow rate was measured by means of Wright’s peak flow meter.

Results: the mean values of FVC, FEV1 and PEFR were found to be significantly (<0.01) lower in exposed group of textile mill when compared non exposed groups. When these values were compared on the basis of BMI, workers with BMI>25kg/m2 were found with lower mean values of FVC, FEV1 and PEFR when compared with workers with BMI<25kg/m2. Also there was significant (<0.05) negative correlation between BMI and PEFR in both exposed group and non exposed group of a textile mill.

Conclusion: Workers in textile mill, with short term exposure of cotton dust may also present with respiratory alterations which may increase with long term exposure. Safety controls such as ventilation, etc and routine health check are very much required in textile industries.

Keywords: Peak expiratory flow rate, Body mass index, Textile mill.



1. Meswani HR. Safety and occupational health: Challenges and opportunities in emerging economies. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2008;12(1):3-9.
2. Mishra AK, Rotti SB, Sahai A, Madanmohan, Narayan KA. Byssinosis among male textile workers in Pondicherry: A case-control study. Natl Med J India 2003;16(2):70-3.
3. Froneberg B. Challenges in occupational safety and health from the global market economy and from demographic change—facts, trends, policy response and actual need for preventive occupational health services in Europe. SJWEH Suppl 2005;1:23-7.
4. Rao NM, Kulkarni PK. Pulmonary function evaluation in subjects occupationally exposed to toxic dust and pollutants. Indian J Ind Med 1995;41:162-6. 5. Jadhav AJ, Mankar SR, Dange CD. Effect of exposure of cotton dust on pulmonary function tests in female workers of spinning mill at Malegaon, Maharashtra. Int J Med Res Rev 2016;4:1233-8.
6. Nisar A, Neyaz HS, Deepankar AS. A study of peak expiratory flow rate in loom workers. JARBS 2013;5(3):247-9.
7. Saji MO, Alhas JJ, Siraj S. Study on the impact of patient counseling on the quality of life and pulmonary function of asthmatic patient. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2012;4 Suppl 5:300-4.
8. Venkatesan EA, Walter S, Ray D. An evaluation of the assess peak flow meter on human volunteers. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 1994;38(4):285-8.
9. Reema T, Adepu R, Sabin T. Impact of clinical pharmacist intervention on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2010;2(4):54-7.
10. Garrow JS, Webster J. Quetelet’s index (W/H2) as a measure of fatness. Int J Obes 1985;9(2):147-53.
11. Meenakshi S, Gajalakshmi BS. An easy method of spirometry. J Assoc Physicians India 1993;41(5):284-6.
12. Wright BM. A miniature Wright peak-flow meter. Br Med J 1978;2(6152):1627-8.
13. Lucchini RG, London L. Global occupational health: Current challenges and the need for urgent action. Ann Glob Health 2014;80(4):251-6.
14. Mansouri F, Pili JP, Abbasi A, Soltani M, Izadi N. Respiratory problems among cotton textile workers. Lung India 2016;33(2):163-6.
15. Ramaswamy P, Sambandam S, Ramalingam A, Arnold J, Balakrishnan KF, Thanasekaraan V. Pulmonary functions of workers in textile units of Tamil Nadu, India: Isee-386. Epidemiology 2003;14(5):S76.
16. Vyas S. A study of pulmonary function tests in workers of different dust industries. Int J Basic Appli Med Sci 2012;2(2):15-21.
17. Rao DP, Aruna T. Lung function among non-smoking cotton mill workers. Indian J Appl Res 2016;6(5):23-4.
18. Al-Taweel AA, Kalantan KA, Ghani HA. Peak expiratory flow rate in a sample of normal Saudi males at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. J Family Community Med 1999;6(1):23-7.
19. Charlton I, Charlton G, Broomfield J, Mullee MA. Evaluation of peak flow and symptoms only self management plans for control of asthma in general practice. BMJ 1990;301(6765):1355-9.
20. Rao KP, Srinivasarao CH, Sumangali P. A study of pulmonary function tests in cotton mill workers of Guntur district. Bull Pharm Med Sci 2013;1:206-9.
21. Nagoda M, Okpapi JU, Babashani M. Assessment of respiratory symptoms and lung function among textile workers at Kano textile mills, Kano, Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract 2012;15:373-9.
22. Littleton SW. Impact of obesity on respiratory function. Respirology 2012;17:43-9.
23. Guidelines for Management of Asthma in Adults: I - Chronic Persistent Asthma. Statement by the British thoracic society, research unit of the royal college of physicians of London, King’s fund centre, national asthma campaign. BMJ 1990;301(6753):651-3.
24. Gupta S, Gupta R, Gupta G, Gupta C. To study the effect of pulmonary functions in overweight persons in rural area population. Int J Contemp Med 2015;3(2):105-9.
25. Shobana BV, Krishnan GV, Milind V, Bhutkar V. Comparative study of body mass index with pulmonary function test parameter (Peak expiratory flow rate) among power loom and non powerloom workers in rural area in Salem district. Br J Med Health Res 2015;2(6):9-14.
26. Dube KJ, Ingale LT, Ingle ST. Respiratory impairment in cotton-ginning workers exposed to cotton dust. Int J Occup Saf Ergon 2013;19(4):551-60.
254 Views | 377 Downloads
How to Cite
Gupta, S., V. Malhotra, Y. Tripathi, and P. Dev. “RESPIRATORY FUNCTIONS IN TEXTILE MILL WORKERS: ROLE OF PEAK EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 10, no. 4, Apr. 2017, pp. 306-8, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i4.16757.
Original Article(s)

Most read articles by the same author(s)