CURBING ACTINOMYCETES AND THIDIAZURON ENHANCED MICROPROPAGATION IN THE RARE ALPINIA GALANGA - A MEDICINAL ZINGIBER


Baradwaj Rg, Rao Mv, Senthil Kumar T

Abstract


Objective: Elimination of endophytic actinomycetes before micropropagation using antibiotic pre-treatment in rhizome bud explants of Alpinia galanga. Then, the formulation of an operative protocol for Micropropagation of the same void of endophytic actinomycetes.

Methods: A treatment of mercury chloride and carbendazim, alone and in combination was used as surface sterilants. A pre-treatment of rifampicin and fusidic acid was used against actinomycete endophyte disinfection of rhizome bud explants. Then, Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various concentrations of cytokinins were used for micropropagation of disinfected explants.

Results: A treatment of 0.1% (w/v) mercury chloride and 0.1% (w/v) carbendazim, one after the other for 5 minutes gave the best sterility of 83.3%. A pre-treatment of Rifampicin 100 mg/l and fusidic acid 100 mg/l for 2 hrs gave the best disinfection of 70% against actinomycete endophytes. A combination of thidiazuron (TDZ) 0.45 μM and 6-benzyladenine 13.32 μM in MS medium resulted in 9.4 shoots per explant. MS medium fortified with 10.74 μMof 1-naphthaleneacetic acid gave the best rooting of 20 roots/shoot. inter simple sequence repeat marker genetic similarity of regenerants with the mother plant was confirmed.

Conclusion: This study shows the potency of Rifampicin and Fusidic acid to disinfect explants from actinomycete endophytes and is significant as the first report on curbing actinomycetes endophytes in plant tissue culture of A. galanga. This is also the first report conferring the dissimilar regeneration capabilities of TDZ in comparison to other cytokinins in Zingiberaceae.


Keywords


Alpinia galanga, Rifampicin, Fusidic acid, Actinomycetes, Thidiazuron, Inter simple sequence repeat.

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About this article

Title

CURBING ACTINOMYCETES AND THIDIAZURON ENHANCED MICROPROPAGATION IN THE RARE ALPINIA GALANGA - A MEDICINAL ZINGIBER

Keywords

Alpinia galanga, Rifampicin, Fusidic acid, Actinomycetes, Thidiazuron, Inter simple sequence repeat.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i7.17734

Date

01-07-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 7 July 2017 Page: 153-158

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

117 Views | 143 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Baradwaj Rg
Department of Plant Science, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.
India

Rao Mv
Department of Plant Science, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.
India

Senthil Kumar T
Department of Plant Science, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.
India


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