UROPATHOGENS: ISOLATION AND ANTIBACTERIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERN

  • Harit Kumar Department of Microbiology, MM Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3684-5043
  • Nitin Goel Insan Department of Microbiology, MM Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
  • Shubham Chauhan Department of Microbiology, MM Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
  • Varsha A Singh Department of Microbiology, MM Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

Abstract

Objective: To find the antibiotic sensitivity pattern of uropathogens.

Methods: A total of 100 urine samples of clinically suspected urinary tract infection were collected from May 2016 to July 2016. The samples were inoculated on cystine lactose electrolyte deficient agar and incubated at 37°C for 24 hrs.

Results: A total of 77 (77%) samples were positive showing microbial growth. Among all isolates, Escherichia coli was 36.36%, followed by Klebsiella spp. (35.06%), Citrobacter spp. (6.49%), Staphylococcus aureus (6.49%), Pseudomonas spp. (5.19%), Enterococcus faecalis (3.90%), and Acinetobacter spp. (1.30%). For Gram-positive isolates, the most effective antibiotic was nitrofurantoin followed by sulphafurazole. For Gram-negative isolates, the most effective antibiotic was nitrofurantoin followed by gentamicin and piperacillin/tazobactam.

Conclusion: In this study, nitrofurantoin was the most effective antibiotic for Gram-positive and Gram-negative uropathogens

Keywords: Urinary tract infection, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., Nitrofurantoin

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How to Cite
Kumar, H., N. G. Insan, S. Chauhan, and V. A. Singh. “UROPATHOGENS: ISOLATION AND ANTIBACTERIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERN”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 10, no. 6, June 2017, pp. 222-4, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i6.18054.
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