SELF-EFFICACY AND BEHAVIORAL CHANGES ON EXERCISE ON HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE IN MIDDLE-AGED WOMEN OF KLANG VALLEY


Hafizah Che Hassan

Abstract


 

 Objective: The present study aims to explore the effects of self-efficacy and behavioral changes on exercise that impact on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of middle-aged Malaysian women.

Methods: A questionnaire-based data collection was performed from October 2013 to March 2014 in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. Analysis of data was performed by SPSS (vs. 21.0) after recording body mass index, general health, physical health status, self-efficacy, and self-awareness associated with HRQoL. Correlation between the parameters was performed using Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and the reliability test was conducted using Cronbach’s alpha (α). Results are mentioned as significant when p-values are found to be <0.05.

Results: Findings of the study indicate though women of Klang Valley suffer from few health problems, they prefer exercise to maintain their HRQoL. It has been observed that self-efficacy and behavioral changes for exercise related QoL are affected by several factors, such as education, monthly income, marital status, and even ethnicity. Among 736 respondents, only 304 made a change in their exercise regime, and the level of change is about 58.4% had made small increase and followed by 41.3%. Women with higher self-efficacy (50.35%) made changes by taking up exercise to have a healthy lifestyle.

Conclusions: This study portrays that women of Klang Valley, Malaysia, are inflicted with quite a good self-efficacy to exercise, which impacts their HRQoL.


Keywords


Behavioral changes, Body mass index, Health, Quality of life, Self-efficacy.

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About this article

Title

SELF-EFFICACY AND BEHAVIORAL CHANGES ON EXERCISE ON HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE IN MIDDLE-AGED WOMEN OF KLANG VALLEY

Keywords

Behavioral changes, Body mass index, Health, Quality of life, Self-efficacy.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i11.18525

Date

01-11-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 11 November 2017 Page: 90-94

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

39 Views | 57 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Hafizah Che Hassan
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Lincoln University College, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia
Malaysia


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