MEDICATION ADHERENCE IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION


Umi Athiyah, Rika Subarniati, Ana Yuda

Abstract


 

 Objective: This study aimed to identify the relationship between knowledge and beliefs about drugs with adherence of drug use based on the health belief model (HBM) theory.

Methods: Respondents were elderly hypertensive patients who received their medicine by prescription in one pharmacy in Surabaya. Knowledge and belief variables were measured by a validated questionnaire, while medication adherence was measured by pill count.

Results: There were 57 respondents aged 60-88 years, 54.4% of which are female. A total of 57.9% of respondents used at least two kinds of anti-hypertension drugs and 54.4% had health problems other than hypertension. The results of Pearson analysis show that respondents’ knowledge about the drug had a significant relationship with perceived threat, perceived benefit (p=0.043), and perceived self-efficacy (p=0.015), but no significant relationship with adherence, while the result of Spearman analysis shows that only perceived barrier had a significant relationship to adherence (p=0.029).

Conclusion: To conclude, efforts to improve adherence was to lower perceived barrier which was primarily associated with decreased physical ability and concerns about the dangers of long-term drug use.


Keywords


Adherence, Health belief model, Elderly people, Hypertension.

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About this article

Title

MEDICATION ADHERENCE IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION

Keywords

Adherence, Health belief model, Elderly people, Hypertension.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i8.19060

Date

01-08-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 8 August 2017 Page: 165-170

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

81 Views | 135 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Umi Athiyah
Department of Community Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Jl. Dharmawangsa Dalam, Surabaya, Indonesia
Indonesia

Rika Subarniati
Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Jl. Mulyosari, Surabaya, Indonesia
Indonesia

Ana Yuda
Department of Community Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Jl. Dharmawangsa Dalam, Surabaya, Indonesia
Indonesia


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