• Umi Athiyah Department of Community Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Jl. Dharmawangsa Dalam, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Rika Subarniati Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Jl. Mulyosari, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Ana Yuda Department of Community Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Jl. Dharmawangsa Dalam, Surabaya, Indonesia



 Objective: This study aimed to identify the relationship between knowledge and beliefs about drugs with adherence of drug use based on the health belief model (HBM) theory.

Methods: Respondents were elderly hypertensive patients who received their medicine by prescription in one pharmacy in Surabaya. Knowledge and belief variables were measured by a validated questionnaire, while medication adherence was measured by pill count.

Results: There were 57 respondents aged 60-88 years, 54.4% of which are female. A total of 57.9% of respondents used at least two kinds of anti-hypertension drugs and 54.4% had health problems other than hypertension. The results of Pearson analysis show that respondents' knowledge about the drug had a significant relationship with perceived threat, perceived benefit (p=0.043), and perceived self-efficacy (p=0.015), but no significant relationship with adherence, while the result of Spearman analysis shows that only perceived barrier had a significant relationship to adherence (p=0.029).

Conclusion: To conclude, efforts to improve adherence was to lower perceived barrier which was primarily associated with decreased physical ability and concerns about the dangers of long-term drug use.

Keywords: Adherence, Health belief model, Elderly people, Hypertension.


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How to Cite
Athiyah, U., R. Subarniati, and A. Yuda. “MEDICATION ADHERENCE IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 10, no. 8, Aug. 2017, pp. 165-70, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i8.19060.
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