ANTIMICROBIAL, INSECTICIDAL, AND ANTIRADICAL ACTIVITY OF SOLANUM VIRGINIANUM L. (SOLANACEAE)


Prashith Kekuda Tr, Raghavendra Hl, Rajesh Mr, Avinash Hc, Ankith Gn, Karthik Kn

Abstract


 

 Objectives: The present study was conducted to determine antimicrobial, antiradical, and insecticidal activity of methanolic extract of the whole plant of Solanum virginianum L. (Solanaceae).

Methods: Extraction of shade dried and powdered plant material was carried out by maceration process. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of extract were determined by agar well diffusion and poisoned food technique, respectively. Antiradical activity of extract was assessed by 1,1-diphenyl- 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2-azinobis 3-ethylbenzothiazoline 6-sulfonate (ABTS) free radical scavenging assays. Insecticidal activity, in terms of larvicidal activity, was evaluated against 2nd and 3rd instar larvae of Aedes aegypti.

Results: The extract exhibited inhibitory activity against all bacteria. Gram-positive bacteria showed greater susceptibility to extract when compared to Gram-negative bacteria. The extract was effective in inhibiting the mycelial growth of all test fungi with marked activity against Curvularia sp. and Alternaria sp. The extract scavenged DPPH and ABTS radicals dose dependently with an inhibitory concentration value of 45.66 and 7.37μg/ml, respectively. The extract showed concentration-dependent larvicidal activity with high lethal activity observed against 2nd instar larvae with lethal concentration value of 0.82 mg/ml.

Conclusion: In suitable form, the plant can be used as an effective agent against microbial infections and oxidative damage and to control insect vectors which transmit several diseases.


Keywords


Solanum virginianum, Agar well diffusion, Poisoned food technique, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, 2,2-azinobis 3-ethylbenzothiazoline 6-sulfonate, Aedes aegypti.

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About this article

Title

ANTIMICROBIAL, INSECTICIDAL, AND ANTIRADICAL ACTIVITY OF SOLANUM VIRGINIANUM L. (SOLANACEAE)

Topics

Pharmacy

Keywords

Solanum virginianum, Agar well diffusion, Poisoned food technique, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, 2,2-azinobis 3-ethylbenzothiazoline 6-sulfonate, Aedes aegypti.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i11.20180

Date

01-11-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 11 November 2017 Page: 163-167

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

14 Views | 46 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Prashith Kekuda Tr
Department of Microbiology, S.R.N.M.N College of Applied Sciences, N.E.S Campus, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
India

Raghavendra Hl
Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia.
Ethiopia

Rajesh Mr
Department of Microbiology, S.R.N.M.N College of Applied Sciences, N.E.S Campus, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
India

Avinash Hc
Department of Microbiology, S.R.N.M.N College of Applied Sciences, N.E.S Campus, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
India

Ankith Gn
Department of Microbiology, S.R.N.M.N College of Applied Sciences, N.E.S Campus, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
India

Karthik Kn
Department of Microbiology, S.R.N.M.N College of Applied Sciences, N.E.S Campus, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
India


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