A REVIEW ON PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF MILKWEED FAMILY HERBS (ASCLEPIADACEAE)


Pushpa Anantrao Karale, Mahesh A Karale

Abstract


 

 Calotropis procera and Gymnema sylvestre are a perennial shrub and woody climber, respectively, and belonging to the family Asclepiadaceae. They are commonly known as milkweed family herbs. The Calotropis commonly have two species, i.e., C. procera and C. gigantean. All parts of plant exude white milky latex when cut. It has been widely used in traditional medicine due to its pharmacological active compounds found in all parts of plants such as bark, roots, and leaves and especially its latex which exudes from damaged or broken stem and leaves. G. sylvestre an ayurvedic herb came to be known as “destroyer of sugar” because in ancient times Ayurveda physicians observed that chewing a few leaves of G. sylvestre suppressed the taste of sugar. It also reported to possess antidiabetic, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory, antiulcer, and anticancer potential. The gymnemic acid is the main constituent which is responsible for number of pharmacological activities. The present review assembles the data on pharmacognostic and pharmacological potential of C. procera and G. sylvestre.  


Keywords


Calotropis procera, Gymnema sylvestre, Milkweed, Gymnemic acid.

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About this article

Title

A REVIEW ON PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF MILKWEED FAMILY HERBS (ASCLEPIADACEAE)

Keywords

Calotropis procera, Gymnema sylvestre, Milkweed, Gymnemic acid.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i11.21215

Date

01-11-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 11 November 2017 Page: 27-34

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

31 Views | 86 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Pushpa Anantrao Karale
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded - 431 606, Maharashtra, India.
India

Mahesh A Karale
Department of School of Life Sciences, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded - 431 606, Maharashtra, India.
India


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