EFFECT OF MEDICATION RELATED EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTIONS ON IMPROVING MEDICATION ADHERENCE IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS


Nimmy Elizabeth George, Smrithy Sunny, Anitta Mariyam Sam, Aleena Susan Sabu, Prudence A Rodrigues

Abstract


 

 Objectives: To assess the patient medication adherence using 8 item morisky medication adherence scale (MMAS). To categorize patients based on their adherence to antidiabetic medications into low, medium, and high adherent. To provide educational interventions such as patient counseling using teach-back method, patient medication information leaflet, and audio-visual aids and thus to improve the patient medication adherence.

Methods: After obtaining informed consent from the patients, data of the patients were recorded in data collection forms. Their adherence to antidiabetic medication was evaluated using 8 item MMAS and patients were categorized into low, medium, and high adherence groups based on the score. Counseling was done based on the categorization (high, medium, and low). During review, again adherence was rechecked using 8 item MMAS.

Results: Medication adherence was measured using 8 item MMAS on review and adherence was found to be improved using different patient counseling methods according to their adherence category. Improvement in score within low adherence group was found to be 83.87%; improvement of the low adherence group to medium adherence group was 16.12%. Improvement within the medium adherence group was 82.14% and from medium adherence to high adherence group was 17.85%.

Conclusion: Patient counseling can improve adherence in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, which in turn help patients in achieving optimal glycemic control.


Keywords


Medication adherence, Morisky medication adherence scale, Diabetes mellitus.

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About this article

Title

EFFECT OF MEDICATION RELATED EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTIONS ON IMPROVING MEDICATION ADHERENCE IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS

Keywords

Medication adherence, Morisky medication adherence scale, Diabetes mellitus.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i1.22238

Date

01-01-2018

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 11 Issue 1 January 2018 Page: 167-170

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

54 Views | 80 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Nimmy Elizabeth George
Department of Pharmacy Practice, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
India

Smrithy Sunny
Department of Pharmacy Practice, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
India

Anitta Mariyam Sam
Department of Pharmacy Practice, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
India

Aleena Susan Sabu
Department of Pharmacy Practice, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
India

Prudence A Rodrigues
Department of Pharmacy Practice, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
India


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