PATH ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL CAPITAL ON THE EMPOWERMENT OF PREGNANT WOMEN IN PREECLAMPSIA PREVENTION USING PRECEEDE-PROCEEDE IN KEDIRI EAST JAVA, INDONESIA

  • Katmini Katmini Study Program of Community Development/Empowerment, Sebelas Maret University, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia.
  • Murti B Master Program of Public Health Sciences, Sebelas Maret University, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia,
  • Oepomo Td Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia.
  • Anantanyu S Study Program of Community Development/Empowerment, Sebelas Maret University, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia.

Abstract

 Objective: Preeclampsia is a common complication of morbidity and mortality in pregnant women, whose death is the leading cause in developing countries. AKI data according to Kediri Health Office 28,187 pregnant women in 2014, with high-risk pregnant women were 5,637, and maternal mothers were 26,906 people, and 13 maternal deaths were recorded as of October 2014. The purpose of this study was to analyze the empowerment of preventing preeclampsia with the increase of antenatal care in pregnant women.

Methods: Type of this study is an observational study with case–control approach. The subjects were chosen by fixed disease sampling, with a ratio of 1:3, a total of 160 subjects. Technique of taking data used a questioner. Data were analyzed by path analysis.

Results: The calculation results have a direct relationship between the use of ante natal care (ANC) (b=−0.88; 95% CI =−1.66 sd −0.11; p=0.025), maternal age (b=−0.93; 95% CI=−1.71 sd −0.14; p=0.020), and parity (b=−0.94; 95% CI=−1.75 sd −0.14; p=0.021) with preeclampsia. There is an indirect relationship between social support (b=0.75; 95% CI =0.10 to 1.40; p=0.023) with preeclampsia through the use of ANC. There is an indirect relationship between trust (b=0.82; 95% CI=0.04 to 1.61; p=0.039) and social networking (b=0.79; 95% CI =0.00 sd. 1.57; p=0.048); and reciprocal norms =1.53; 95% CI =0.75 to 2.32; p<0.001) with preeclampsia through social support.

Conclusion: There is a direct and indirect relationship regarding the empowerment of preeclampsia prevention in pregnant women through the theory of social capital and precede proceed.

Keywords: Preeclampsia, Pregnant mothers, Social capital theory, Precede proceed.

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Katmini, K., M. B, O. Td, and A. S. “PATH ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL CAPITAL ON THE EMPOWERMENT OF PREGNANT WOMEN IN PREECLAMPSIA PREVENTION USING PRECEEDE-PROCEEDE IN KEDIRI EAST JAVA, INDONESIA”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 11, no. 4, Apr. 2018, pp. 271-3, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i4.22766.
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