EVALUATION OF TOTAL PHENOLS, TOTAL FLAVONOIDS, ANTIOXIDANT, AND ANTICANCER ACTIVITY OF MUCUNA PRURIENS SEED
Â Objective: In recent years, herbal plants have been got more attention due to their diverse presence of phytochemicals and its biological properties. Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the major worldwide problems primarily caused by hepatitis B and C virus infection. End-stage liver cancer treatment options are limited, thus requiring expensive liver transplantation which is not available in many countries.
Methods: In the present study, the Mucuna pruriens seed extract was analyzed for phytochemicals, antioxidant activity, total phenols, and total flavonoids content. The seed extract was further analyzed for its anticancer activity by culturing liver cancer cell line. The above protocols were done by standard methods.
Results: The seed extract of M. pruriens revealed more number of phytochemicals in different organic solvents. 1,1- Diphenyl- 2- picrylhydrozyl scavenging activity of plant extract was more in ethanol extract (98.051Â±0.547) among all other solvents. The total phenols and flavonoids content in ethanol extract were 46.442Â±0.353 mg gallic acid equivalent/g and 2.254Â±0.647 mg - quercetin equivalent /g, respectively. IC50 value of 3-(4, 5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) analysis of Hep-2 cell line was 150 (Î¼g/ml).
Conclusion: The present study revealed about the phytochemical contents and antioxidant potential of M. pruriens seeds. Further, the MTT analysis proved that the seed extract was effective against cancer cells and also used to treat many diseases.
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