ASSESSMENT OF EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION ON KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICES OF RURAL COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS OF MYSURU DISTRICT TOWARD ADVERSE DRUG REACTION REPORTING
Keywords:Community pharmacist, Adverse drug reactions reporting, Educational intervention
Objective: A prospective interventional study was conducted to evaluate the impact of educational intervention on knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP)(of rural community pharmacists toward adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting.
Methods: A validated KAP questionnaire was administered on the enrolled community pharmacists in the study. SPSS software package version-19 was used to calculate the influence of educational intervention on KAP scores of the participants. Pre-training KAP scores were compared with the post-training KAP scores.
Results: About 49 community pharmacists have participated in the study, 95.91% (n=47) were males, and 4.08% (n=2) were females. The meanÂ±SD age of the participants was 40.93Â±7.84 years. The mean Â± SD score in the knowledge component was significantly increased from 4.87Â±2.015 to 7.09 Â± 0.68 (n=49, p<0.05). After the educational intervention, 77.55% (n=38) of participants could correctly define the ADRs, and 73.46% (n=36) of participants were aware of the consequence of ADRs. About 57.34% of participants disagree with the statement reporting of ADRs incurs the addtional workload with post education intervention. At the end of the study, the participants' knowledge was significantly increased and participant pharmacists felt responsible toward ADR reporting.
Conclusion: Educational interventional program have shown a tremendous change in knowledge and awareness of the respondents towards adverse drug reaction monitoring and reporting. It is well understood that there is a need for promoting the pharmacovigilance activities among community pharmacists.
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