HOSPITAL DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT: THE CASE OF URMIA HOSPITALS

  • Farshad Faghisolouk Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Health, Safety and Environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Reza Khani Jazani Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Health, Safety and Environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Sanaz Sohrabizadeh Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Health, Safety and Environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

 Objective: This study has been conducted with the aim of assessing the risk management category and its status in hospital from the perspective of senior managers in Urmia hospitals considering the existing scientific gap and the importance of the issue for the health system and society.

Methods: This cross-sectional research was conducted in all 12 hospitals in Urmia. Participants in the research included 37 senior hospital managers. Data gathering instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire with Likert scale. Content validity and reliability of the tool (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient) have been also measured in a similar study. This tool has been designed in two parts: Demographic specifications and items (44 questions). Kolmogorov-Smirnov, ANOVA one-way, independent t-test, and Spearman tests were used in SPSS 20 software for statistical analysis.

Results: The average of total score of all risk management components was equal to 3.0445, which is in moderate level. According to ANOVA one-way test, there was no significant relationship between the organizational status of managers and their education level with any of the risk management components. Furthermore, it was specified using independent t-test, there is no statistically significant relationship between gender and risk management components. It was specified using Pearson correlation test; there is a statistically significant relationship between gender and education level as well as individual’s organizational status (p-value: 0.001).

Conclusion: Studied hospitals have suffered from the lack of risk management. There is not enough knowledge in this regard among senior hospital managers, and therefore, due to the importance of this issue, needed policies and programs should be provided to all hospital managers and needed supporting and education should be provided in regard to the implementation of risk management measures.

Keywords: Risk management, Disaster, Hospital, Urmia.

References

1. Marwick C, Davey P. Care bundles: The holy grail of infectious risk management in hospital? Curr Opin Infect Dis 2009;22:364-9.
2. Aufseeser-Weiss MR, Ondeck DA. Medication use risk management: Hospital meets home care. J Nurs Care Q 2001;15:50-7.
3. Berg HP. Risk management: Procedures, methods and experiences. Risk Manage 2010;1:79-95.
4. Stoneburner G, Goguen AY, Feringa A. Sp 800-30. Risk Management Guide for Information Technology Systems, Technical report. Gaithersburg: National Institute of Standards and Technology; 2002.
5. Karna KH, Sharma SA, Inamdar SH, Bhandari AN. Study and evaluation of medication errors in a tertiary care teaching hospital–a baseline study. Int J Pharm Sci 2012;4:587-93.
6. Singh SP, Rajender M. A prospective observational study on risk assessment of stemi patients at a tertiary care hospital. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2015;4:148-53.
7. Habibi E, SB, Nateghi R, Ruzbehani ML,Yarmohammadian MH. Risk management in the department of radiology of shahid isfahan university hospitals. Health Inf Manage 2007;4:133-41.
8. Education M.o.H.a.M., Comprehensive Hospital Accreditation Guide; 1395. p. 3.
9. Buchholz SD. ‘Quality is job 1’-new directions for medical risk management. J Healthcare Risk Manage 2000;20:34-38.
10. Dückers M, Faber M, Cruijsberg J, Grol R, Schoonhoven L, Wensing M. Safety and risk management interventions in hospitals. Med Care Res Rev 2009;66:90s-119s.
11. Singer SJ, Falwell A, Gaba DM, Baker LC. Patient safety climate in US hospitals: Variation by management level. Med Care 2008;46:1149-56.
12. Parand A, Dopson S, Renz A, Vincent C. The role of hospital managers in quality and patient safety: A systematic review. BMJ Open 2014;4:e005055.
13. Zaboli R, KM, Rafati S. Evaluation of risk management situation in selected sections of Tehran hospitals. J Milit Med 2011;12:197-202.
14. Zarezade M, Abolhasani M, Eslami S, Salarikhah E, Bagheri F, Salmani E. Evaluation of risk management from the perspective of hospital nurses in Shahid Rahnemon Hospital. Occup Med Q J 2013;5:88-94.
15. Habibpour gatabi KS. Comprehensive Manual for Using SPSS in Survey Researches; 2015. p. 1.
16. Mousavi A, Asefzadeh S, Raeisi AR. Assessment of anesthesia-surgury risk management at hospitals of isfahan university of medical sciences, using ECRI institute standards in 2011. J Health Admin 2013;16:85-98.
17. Osilaja PD. Issues of Diversity in Crisis Management. ???: University of La Verne; 2009.
18. Seyedin SH, Zaboli R, Malmoon Z, Rajabifard F. General hospital managers’ perception regarding crisis management at Iran and Tehran university of medical sciences. J Hospital 2016;15:95-102.
Statistics
374 Views | 284 Downloads
How to Cite
Faghisolouk, F., R. Khani Jazani, and S. Sohrabizadeh. “HOSPITAL DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT: THE CASE OF URMIA HOSPITALS”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 11, no. 3, Mar. 2018, pp. 447-50, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i3.23625.
Section
Original Article(s)