ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY OF SENNA SURATTENSIS IN ALLOXAN-INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
Â Objective: Senna surattensis is a shrub plant which has been known for its diverse biological and pharmacological properties. This study is aimed to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of ethanolic extracts of S. surattensis (EESS) leaves in alloxan-induced diabetic rats.
Methods: Experimental diabetes was induced by injection of a single dose of alloxan (120 mg/kg, intraperitoneal). Adult male Wistar albino rats were divided into five groups; normal control, diabetic control, diabetic EESS (200 mg/kg body weight (bw), diabetic EESS (400 mg/kg bw), and diabetic glibenclamide (5 mg/kg bw). Extracts were treated concurrently for 21 days. Blood samples were collected and centrifuged for estimation of fasting blood glucose (FBG), bw, serum biomarkers, lipid profile, total protein, albumin, and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) contents.
Results: The increase in FBG, bw, liver biomarkers serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, free fatty acid, phospholipids (PL), triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total protein, albumin, and HbA1C content were recorded in diabetic control rats. Daily oral administration of EESS treatment significantly (p<0.01) reverted the levels of serum biomarkers and enzymes activities to near normal values. A similar reduction was produced in FBG after 21 days of extract administration which compared significantly (p<0.01) with the control group and glibenclamide treated groups.
Conclusion: The results suggest that EESS has anti-diabetic activity in diabetic rats, thereby justifying its traditional claim and augmenting it into the present system of medicine.
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