KNOWLEDGE AND MALPRACTICES IN PEDIATRICS DIARRHEA MANAGEMENT BY IRAQI MOTHERS

  • Samer Imad Mohammed Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty Member, College of Pharmacy,University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Aya Thaer Sabry Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Dania Thaer Sabry Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Borooj Hassan Mohammed Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.

Abstract

Objectives: In developing countries like Iraq, diarrhea was responsible for 70% of deaths among pediatrics. This study was designed to determine Iraqi mothers’ knowledge and malpractices associated with diarrhea management in pediatrics.

Methods: A cross-sectional pilot study was done on a convenient sample of mothers in Baghdad – Iraq. Data collection was done using a validated questionnaire specifically designed for this study.

Result: Most participants preferred to consult physicians or pharmacists about pediatrics diarrhea management. Breastfeeding was stopped by 19% of participants, whereas 35% of mothers who depend on formulated milk discontinued it. Only 30% of participants use oral rehydration solution therapy always as a part of treatment. Although 54% of participated mothers certainly not used antibiotics for the diarrhea management before doctor consultation, however 52.5% of these mothers used antimotility suspensions without any consultation. 17% of participants used some herbal preparations in addition to 11% used some forms of traditional harmful preparations (Al-Sagwa) to manage diarrhea.

Conclusions: This study indicates a good level of knowledge about diarrhea management for most participants, although there are some wrong concepts which followed by a small percentage of mothers, especially the most dangerous malpractices of using Al-Sagwa.

Keywords: Knowledge, Malpractices, Pediatrics, Infants, Diarrhea, Al-Sagwa.

Author Biography

Samer Imad Mohammed, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty Member, College of Pharmacy,University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
 Lecturer

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Mohammed, S. I., A. T. Sabry, D. T. Sabry, and B. H. Mohammed. “KNOWLEDGE AND MALPRACTICES IN PEDIATRICS DIARRHEA MANAGEMENT BY IRAQI MOTHERS”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 11, no. 8, Aug. 2018, pp. 503-7, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i8.27454.
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