ELECTROLYTE DISTURBANCE IN HEMORRHAGIC AND NON-HEMORRHAGIC STROKE PATIENTS IN AL-DIWANIYAH TEACHING HOSPITAL
Objectives: Although there are many studies on stroke, few studies on electrolyte disturbance have been done in our country, even on the outside. Our aim in this study is to estimate the level of serum potassium and sodium in acute stroke patients with comparison to patients of the control group.
Methods: Our study is a comparative cross-sectional study conducted on patients in the neurological center who suffer from stroke and others in medicine department admitted for any disease other than cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) they consider the control group. All were in AL-Diwaniyah Teaching Hospital from April to July 2018. The level of potassium and sodium from all patients is estimated. Patients with ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and transient ischemic attack (TIA) were classified into having Glasgow coma scores (GCS) of 3â€“8, 9â€“12, and 13â€“15, respectively.
Result: Significant difference was seen in the distribution of patients according to GCS levels (p=0.014). Mean serum sodium was significantly lowest in hemorrhagic stroke, then ischemic stroke, followed by TIA, and the highest sodium level was seen in the control group (p<0.001). Mean serum potassium was significantly lowest in hemorrhagic stroke, then ischemic stroke, followed by TIA, and the highest sodium level was seen in the control group (p<0.001). Mean serum-to-potassium ratio was significantly highest in hemorrhagic stroke, then TIA, followed by ischemic stroke, and finally, by control group (p<0.001).
Conclusion: This study reveals that, in hemorrhagic stroke, the incidence of electrolytes imbalance was more than ischemic and which was mostly hyponatremia and hypokalemia.
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