• VANDANA D Department of Pharmaceutics, Gokaraju Rangaraju College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
  • SHWETA PAWAR Department of Pharmaceutics, Gokaraju Rangaraju College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.


Objective: The current work was aimed to prepare a topical gel containing curcumin (CUR) for the treatment of microbial infections on skin.

Methods: CUR was complexed with the β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) using kneading method in 1:1, 1:2, and 1:3 molar ratios and characterized. The inclusion complex with high aqueous solubility was loaded in the topical gel containing (2% CUR) which was prepared using carbopol, sodium CMC, and guar gum and evaluated for viscosity, spreadability, extrudability, pH, drug content, and in vitro diffusion studies. The in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of the gel was performed by albumin protein denaturation technique, the statistical analysis was done using ANOVA followed Dunnett’s t-test. The antimicrobial activity of CUR was evaluated using standard strains of Candida albicans and Escherichia coli by agar well diffusion method.

Results: The complexation of CUR had an increased solubility up to 103.09 times for 1:3 molar ratio with in vitro dissolution 90.64% for 60 min. The optimized formulation F9 had viscosity of 6500.3 cps and 97.5% in vitro drug diffusion for 8 h which follows zero-order release kinetics. In vitro anti-inflammatory activity studied showed that the CUR gel has a good potency for renaturation and was as effective as standard diclofenac with 76.9% inhibition (p=0.0507). CUR showed approx. 3 mm diameter of zone of inhibition against C. albicans and E. coli.

Conclusion: A stable topical gel of CUR using β-CD and carbopol was successfully prepared which showed better in vitro diffusion with promising anti-inflammatory and antifungal action.

Keywords: Curcumin, β-Cyclodextrin, Inclusion complex, Antimicrobial activity, Albumin protein denaturation, Anti-inflammation, ANOVA


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How to Cite
VANDANA D, and SHWETA PAWAR. “FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF TOPICAL HERBAL GEL CONTAINING INCLUSION COMPLEX OF CURCUMIN”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 12, no. 9, July 2019, pp. 196-01, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2019.v12i9.34053.
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