Perceived Services and Reported Opinions about Self-Care during Pregnancy and Lactation by Community Pharmacists: A Cross Sectional Study
Objective: The present study was planned to evaluate the community pharmacists’ services regarding self-care during pregnancy and lactating women in the Northern Border Region of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was performed among the community pharmacists in the Northern Border Region of Saudi Arabia consists of randomly elected 156 pharmacies. The study purpose briefly described face-to-face to the pharmacist on duty to fill self-care questionnaire regarding services and opinions intended for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Results: Pharmacists specified that they have sufficient knowledge to offer advice (47.82%) and to solve medication and health-related problems (39.13%) during pregnancy and lactation. The confidence level of pharmacists to give drug-related opinion and counseling to patients was 69.56% and 39.13% respectively. All the participated pharmacists’ want continuing education program and 47.82% of pharmacist advised pharmacy school training on this issue to improve/update the knowledge on the issue. Conclusion: Pharmacists have different opinions regarding pregnancy and breastfeeding associated illness and also highlighted the need for interventions, including continuing professional development and revision of the undergraduate pharmacy curriculum.
2. Geissler PW, Nokes K, Prince RJ, et al. Children and medicines: self-treatment of common illnesses among Luo schoolchildren in western Kenya. Soc Sci Med 2000; 50:1771–83.
3. Ebrahimi H, Atashsokhan G, Amanpour F, Hamidzadeh A. Self-medication and its risk factors among women before and during pregnancy. Pan Afr Med J. 2017; 27:183.
4. Araújo DD, Leal MM, Santos EJV, Leal LB. Consumption of medicines in high-risk pregnancy: evaluation of determinants related to the use of prescription drugs and self-medication. Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2013; 49(3):491–9.
5. Nakamura MU, Kulay Junior L, Pasquale M. Uso de fármacos na gravidez: benefício e custo. Rev bras ginecol obstet 2008; 30(1):1–4.
6. Chiriboga CA. Fetal alcohol and drug effects. The neurologist 2003; 9(6):267–79.
7. Szymanowski K, Chmaj-Wierzchowska K, Florek E, Opala T. Influence of tobacco smoking to development of the fetus, newborn and child: a review. Przeglad lekarski 2006; 63(10):1135–7.
8. Kim HJ, Yang YM, Choi EJ. Use patterns of over-the counter (OTC) medications and perspectives on OTC medicationsamong Korean adult patients with chronic diseases: gender and age differences. Patient Prefer Adherence 2018; 12:1597-1606.
9. Sansgiry SS, Bhansali AH, Bapat SS, Xu Q. Abuse of over-the-counter medicines: a pharmacist's perspective. Integr Pharm Res Pract 2016; 6:1-6.
10. Abduelkarem AR, Mustafa H. Use of Over-the-Counter Medication among Pregnant Women in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. J. Pregnancy 2017; 4503793.
11. International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP): FIP reference paper on the effective utilization of pharmacists in improving maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). FIP Council, September 2011. (https://www.fip.org/www/uploads/database_file.php?id=325&table_id= accessed 14.04.2019)
12. Leung HY, Saini B, Ritchie HE. Medications and pregnancy: The role of community pharmacists - A descriptive study. PLoS One 2018;13(5):e0195101.
13. Schrempp S, Ryan-Haddad A, Gait KA. Pharmacist counseling of pregnant or lactating women. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash) 2001;41(6):887-90.
14. Samuel N, Einarson A. Medication management during pregnancy: role of the pharmacist. Int J Clin Pharm 2011; 33(6):882-5.
15. Ronai C, Taylor JS, Dugan E, Feller E. The identifying and counseling of breastfeeding women by pharmacists. Breastfeed Med 2009; 4(2):91-5.
16. Albassam A, Awad A. Community pharmacists’ services for women during pregnancy and breast feeding in Kuwait: a cross sectional study. BMJ. 2018; 8(1): e018980.
17. Saudi geographical Society http://saudigs.org/en/ accessed on 14.04.2019.
18. Damase-Michel C, Vié C, Lacroix I, et al. Drug counselling in pregnancy: an opinion survey of French community pharmacists. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2004; 13:711–5.
19. Sathon B. Self-care in pregnancy and breastfeeding: views of women and community pharmacists in Thailand. Dissertation Nottingham: University of Nottingham. 2010; http:// eprints. nottingham. ac. uk/ 11605/ (accessed 14 April 2019).
20. Sadek MM, Elnour AA, Al Kalbani NM, Bhagavathula AS, Baraka MA, Aziz AM, Shehab A. Community pharmacy and the extended community pharmacist practice roles: The UAE experiences. Saudi Pharm J. 2016; 24(5):563-570.
21. Kelly DV, Young S, Phillips L, Clark D. Patient attitudes regarding the role of the pharmacist and interest in expanded pharmacist services. Can Pharm J (Ott) 2014; 147(4):239-47.
22. Ayele AA, Mekuria AB, Tegegn HG, Gebresillassie BM, Mekonnen AB, Erku DA. Management of minor ailments in a community pharmacy setting: Findings from simulated visits and qualitative study in Gondar town, Ethiopia. PLoS One 2018; 13(1): e0190583.
23. Hammond T, Clatworthy J, Horne R. Patients' use of GPs and community pharmacists in minor illness: a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. Fam Pract. 2004; 21(2):146-9.
24. Odalovi? M, Milankovi? S, Holst L, Nordeng H, Heitmann K, Tasi? L. Pharmacists counselling of pregnant women: Web-based, comparative study between Serbia and Norway. Midwifery 2016; 40:79-86.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The publication is licensed under CC By and is open access. Copyright is with author and allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions.