AN EVALUATION ON PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTICS IN PAEDIATRIC INPATIENTS AT TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

  • SABISHRUTHI S Pharm D

Abstract

ABSTRACT:


Background: Antibiotics are the class of drugs which plays a vital role in prescribing patterns of patients. Hence, our current study was aimed to evaluate the prescribing patterns of drugs with cost analysis in paediatric inpatients at Tertiary care hospital. Methods: It is an observational prospective study carried out in paediatric inpatients with a sample of 180 patients based on age, inclusion and exclusion criteria for period of 3 months. The patient’s data were collected using patient case record form (CRF) and analysis of the data was done. Results: Out of 180 patients data were collected, the results shows that majority of gender admitted in the hospital were male children 94(52%) and many are from age group of early childhood (2-5 years) 67(37%). Respiratory tract infections are diagnosis most commonly analysed and off overall 236 prescribed antibiotics Cephalosporin 86 (43%)   and combination of Amoxicillin + Clavulanic acid 25 (71%) are the class of antibiotics prescribed higher than other class of drugs. Parental 173 (73%) route of administration was observed to be followed more than other route. The percentage of cost variation of antibiotics observed in the study reveals that the huge variations were seen in the cost of medication in maximum and minimum cost. Conclusion: The present study reveals that the prescribed antibiotics were as per the diagnosis of the patient and not by proceeding proper culture sensitivity testing. Hence, awareness about antibiotic must be created among the practicing physicians to increase the therapeutic compliance of the patient.


 

Keywords: Keywords: Paediatrics, Antibiotics, Prescribing, Culture sensitivity test, Awareness

References

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S, S. “AN EVALUATION ON PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTICS IN PAEDIATRIC INPATIENTS AT TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 12, no. 12, Oct. 2019, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/35074.
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