Chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Lantana camara- A review
Lantana camara was used traditionally as diaphoretic, carminative, antispasmodic, tonic, antiemetic, to treat respiratory infections and disorders (cough, cold, asthma, and bronchitis), in the treatment of tetanus, epilepsy, dysentery and gastropathy. Phytochemical analysis of Lantana camara showed that the plant contained alkaloids, glycosides, steroids, saponins, flavanoids, coumarins, tannins, carbohydrates, hydroxy anthraquinones, anthraquinone glycosides, proteins, phytosteroids, fixed oils fats and triterpinoids. Previous pharmacological studies revealed that Lantana camara possessed antimicrobial, antiparasitic, anxiolytic, gastrointestinal, hypoglycemic, cardiovascular, antioxidant, anticancer, antiinflammatory, analgesic, wound healing, antiurolithiatic, hepatoprotective, reproductive, anti–hemorrhoidal, thrombin inhibition and many other effects. In the current review, databases including Web Science, PubMed, Scopus and Science Direct, were searched to investigate the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Lantana camara.
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