PREVALENCE OF 25-HYDROXY VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY AND SOME BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN IRAQI PATIENTS WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS AND THEIR ASSOCIATIONS WITH DISEASE ACTIVITY
Keywords:Rheumatoid arthritis, 25-hydroxy vitamin D, Calcium, Magnesium, Albumin, Aspartate aminotransferase, Alanine aminotransferase
Objectives: The objectives of the study were to evaluate changes in 25(OH) Vitamin D levels and some biochemical parameters in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients compared with healthy controls and assess the correlation of 25-hydroxy Vitamin D, calcium, magnesium, and disease activity. Study the effects of anti-RA drugs on these biochemical parameters and also the role of supplements calcium and 25-OH Vitamin D in RA patients.
Methods: This study conducted between 60 patients for RA and 20 healthy controls according to the American College of Rheumatology standards in 2010. In this study, 25-hydroxy Vitamin D was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and also some biochemical parameters were measured with a spectrophotometer (Humalyzer 2000).
Results: Serum 25(OH) Vitamin D, calcium, magnesium, and albumin levels were significantly lower in RA patients compared with healthy controls. Serum alanine aminotransferase aspartate aminotransferase levels were significantly increased in RA patients compared with healthy controls. The correlation was non-significantly among 25-hydroxy Vitamin D and clinical disease activity index (CDAI), while the results showed significantly inverse correlation calcium and magnesium concentrations with CDAI.
Conclusion: 25-OH Vitamin D, calcium, albumin, and magnesium deficiency appear to be widespread in patients with RA. Thus, biochemical changes in RA are reflected in the pathogenesis of RA. Furthermore, in these results, there is no relationship between Vitamin D and the disease activity, while there is a relationship between calcium and magnesium with disease activity.
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