PRESCRIBING PATTERN AND APPROPRIATENESS OF PRESCRIPTION AMONG ELDERLY PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF WESTERN NEPAL – A PROSPECTIVE CROSSSECTIONAL STUDY
Objective: The current study aims to evaluate prescribing pattern and potentially inappropriate medicine (PIM) among elderly patients in a tertiary care hospital of western Nepal.
Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient department of Manipal Teaching Hospital of Western Nepal. The World Health Organization prescribing indicators and Beers’ 2015 updated criteria were assessed to analyze the result.
Results: The mean±standard deviation of the age was 73.47±6.42 years and the majority of patients were in the age group 65–74 (58.81%). Male preponderance (male: female=1.20:1) was found. The value of prescribing indicator includes the average number of drug per prescription (4.91), percentage of generic name prescription (3.40%), percentage of antimicrobials prescribed (19.40%), percentage of injections prescribed (2.70%), and percentage of the drug from essential drug list of Nepal (42.22%). At least one PIM was prescribed to 87 (21.6%) patients. Non-cyclooxygenase-selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (44%) and anticholinergics (18%) were the most frequently prescribed PIMs.
Conclusions: Polypharmacy, PIMs, and potential drug-drug interaction were prevalent in this study. It is recommended that all the doctors, pharmacists, other concerned health-care professionals, patients, policymakers, and all other stakeholders must be aware of these situations and a multidisciplinary approach must be developed for the promotion of rational use of drugs.
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