ROLE OF THE PHARMACIST IN MANAGING HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE OF HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS IN PRIMARY CARE UNITS

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of pharmaceutical care on the control of high blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients.


Methods: The study included thirty hypertensive patients from primary or secondary healthcare located in the south of São Paulo, Brazil.


Results: The majority of patients was aged over 60 years (68.75%), non-smokers (90%), non-alcoholics (93.33%), did not practice physical activities (93.33%), and presented comorbidities and polypharmacy. The most common drug-related problems were drug-drug interactions, missed doses, incorrect frequency or time of administration, incorrect patient administration technique, and self-medication. The interventions used during the pharmaceutical consultations (PC) were based on the organization of medicines with tools such as a pillbox organizer (84.38%). A significant improvement in BP control (p<0.05) was observed when comparing BP measurements before and after the PC; however, the number of PCs did not influence the BP reduction.


Conclusion: Patient guidance and a simple intervention favor better patient understanding of medication administration schedules.

Keywords: Pharmaceutical care, Pharmaceutical consultation, Intervention, non-communicable diseases, Hypertension, Polypharmacy

Author Biography

JÚLIO EDUARDO PEREIRA DE SOUZA, Associação Saúde da Família - Coordenação Regional Sul – Brazil.

1 - Master degree student, Santo Amaro University – UNISA – Brazil

2 - Technical Adviser, Associação Saúde da Família - Coordenação Regional Sul – Brazil

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DE SOUZA, J. E. P., E. SILVA, N. F. NOVO, and M. T. SHIO. “ROLE OF THE PHARMACIST IN MANAGING HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE OF HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS IN PRIMARY CARE UNITS”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 13, no. 11, Sept. 2020, pp. 122-7, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2020.v13i11.38406.
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