ASSOCIATION OF MATERNAL CHARACTERISTICS WITH COMPLICATIONS OF PREGNANCY: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY AMONG MIDDLE SOCIOECONOMIC PREGNANT WOMEN

  • VINEELA NEKKANTI Department of Pharmacy Practice, Visveswarapura Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
  • GITHA KISHORE Department of Pharmacy Practice, Visveswarapura Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the association of maternal characteristics with complications of pregnancy among middle socioeconomic women.


Methods: The enrolled subjects were divided into two groups as complicated and uncomplicated group based on the occurrence of complications in current pregnancy and their sociodemographic details along with present and past medical and medication history was collected.


Results: The mean age of the study subjects was 25.33±4.22 years. Maternal characteristics such as age, parity, body mass index, maternal education, and employment status did not have a statistically significant association with the complications of pregnancy at p<0.05. However, the first antenatal visit at the gestational age <8 weeks had a statistically significant association with the complications of pregnancy at p=0.02.


Conclusion: Early initiation of antenatal care along with adequate antenatal visits may reduce the risk of complications of pregnancy.

Keywords: Maternal characteristics, Complications of pregnancy, Anemia, Preeclampsia, Gestational diabetes mellitus, Antenatal care

References

1. Maternal Health. Available from: https://www.unicef.org/india/what-we-do/maternal-health. [Last accessed on 2020 Oct 13].
2. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. Pregnancy Complications. Reproductive Health. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/ reproductivehealth/maternalinfanthealth/pregnancy-complications. html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2F reproductivehealth%2Fmaternalinfanthealth%2Fpregcomplications. htm. [Last accessed on 2020 Oct 10].
3. What are Some Common Complications of Pregnancy? Available from: https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/pregnancy/conditioninfo/ complications. [Last accessed on 2020 Oct 16].
4. Govt Launches Scheme to Provide Free Health Check-ups to Pregnant Women. Available from: https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/govt-launches-scheme-to-provide-free-health-check-ups-to-pregnant-women/ story-v2y8cppgYEvlni5sjvqAkO.html. [Last accessed on 2020 Oct 16].
5. Parenting WOW. Government Schemes for Pregnant Women and Children; 2019. Available from: https://www.wowparenting.com/blog/government-schemes-for-women-and-children. [Last accessed on 2020 Oct 16].
6. Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). Available from: https://www.nhp.gov.in/ janani-suraksha-yojana-jsy-_pg. [Last accessed on 2020a Oct 16].
7. Zhang X, Liao Q, Wang F, Li D. Association of gestational diabetes mellitus and abnormal vaginal flora with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Medicine 2018;97:7.
8. Patro BK, Jeyashree K, Gupta PK. Kuppuswamy’s socioeconomic status scale 2010 the need for periodic revision. Indian J Pediatr 2012;79:395-6.
9. World Health Organization. Iron Deficiency Anaemia: Assessment, Prevention and Control: A Guide for Programme Managers. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2001.
10. CDC. High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy; 2020. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/pregnancy.htm. [Last accessed on 2020 Oct 10].
11. CDC. Gestational Diabetes; 2020a. Available from: https://www.cdc. gov/diabetes/basics/gestational.html. [Last accessed on 2020 Oct 16].
12. Bhandiwad A, Gowda SL, Anupama NK. Impact of socio demographic factors on the severity of maternal anaemia. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016;5:869.
13. Vedavathi, Sood R. Study of sociodemographic profile, maternal, fetal outcome in preeclamptic and eclamptic women: A prospective study. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2020;9:230-5.
14. Ramesh K, Gandhi S, Rao V. Socio-demographic and other risk factors of pre eclampsia at a tertiary care hospital, Karnataka: Case control study. J Clin Diagn Res 2014;8:JC01.
15. Sun Y, Shen Z, Zhan Y, Wang Y, Ma S, Zhang S, et al. Effects of pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain on maternal and infant complications. BMC Pregnancy Child 2020;20:1-3.
16. Muche AA, Olayemi OO, Gete YK. Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus and associated factors among women attending antenatal care at Gondar town public health facilities, Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Pregnancy Child 2019;19:334.
17. Being Overweight During Pregnancy. March of Dimes; 2020. Available from: https://www.marchofdimes.org/pregnancy/being-overweight-during-pregnancy.aspx. [Last accessed on 2020 Oct 10].
18. Fulpagare PH, Saraswat A, Dinachandra K, Surani N, Parhi RN, Bhattacharjee S, et al. Antenatal care service utilization among adolescent pregnant women-evidence from Swabhimaan programme in India. Front Public Health 2019;7:369.
19. Mahamoud NK, Mwambi B, Oyet C, Segujja F, Webbo F, Okiria JC, et al. Prevalence of anemia and its associated socio-demographic factors among pregnant women attending an antenatal care clinic at Kisugu health center IV, Makindye division, Kampala, Uganda. J Blood Med 2020;11:13.
20. Fazzi C, Saunders DH, Linton K, Norman JE, Reynolds RM. Sedentary behaviours during pregnancy: A systematic review. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2017;14:32.
21. Lincetto O, Mothebesoane-Anoh S, Gomez P, Munjanja S. Antenatal Care. WHO. Available from: http://www.who..int/pmnch/media/ publications/aonsectionIII_2.pdf.
Statistics
50 Views | 72 Downloads
Citations
How to Cite
NEKKANTI, V., and G. KISHORE. “ASSOCIATION OF MATERNAL CHARACTERISTICS WITH COMPLICATIONS OF PREGNANCY: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY AMONG MIDDLE SOCIOECONOMIC PREGNANT WOMEN”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 14, no. 2, Jan. 2021, pp. 29-31, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2021.v14i2.40046.
Section
Original Article(s)