IN VIVO EFFICACY OF TOPICAL BINAHONG (ANREDERA CORDIFOLIA (TEN.) STEENIS) LEAF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT ON TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR-BETA 1 IN INFECTED WOUNDS

  • RIZKI ANDINI NAWAWI Postgraduate Student, Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia.
  • MUHAMMAD TOTONG KAMALUDDIN Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia.
  • THEODORUS Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia.

Abstract

Objective: This study’s aim was to assess the efficacy of topical Binahong (Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis) leaf ethanolic extract administration on serum transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) in infected wounds.


Methods: An experimental study, in vivo, was conducted in the Biotechnology Laboratory and Animal House, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, from July to September 2020. There were 30 male Wistar rats aged 10–12 weeks with excisional wounds infected with Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923. The rats were divided into five groups and received three concentrations of Binahong leaf extracts (2.5%, 5%, and 10%), salve base, and povidone iodine 10% topically twice daily for 14 days. Serum was obtained before treatment and after 14 days of treatment. Wound area and bacterial count were also recorded and analyzed. Data analysis was performed using computer software.


Results: Wound size and bacterial count were significantly decreased in treatment groups receiving topical Binahong leaf ethanolic extract. No significant increase in serum TGF-β1 was observed in all treatment groups.


Conclusion: Topical administration of Binahong leaf ethanolic extract on rats with infected wounds for 14 days did not significantly increase serum TGF-β1.

Keywords: Anredera cordifolia, Wound infection, Transforming growth factor beta, In vivo

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NAWAWI, R. A., M. T. KAMALUDDIN, and THEODORUS. “IN VIVO EFFICACY OF TOPICAL BINAHONG (ANREDERA CORDIFOLIA (TEN.) STEENIS) LEAF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT ON TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR-BETA 1 IN INFECTED WOUNDS”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 14, no. 3, Mar. 2021, pp. 99-102, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2021.v14i3.40516.
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