SYNTHESIS, IN SILICO CHARACTERIZATION AND EX VIVO EVALUATION OF THE NOVEL ORGANIC NITRATE NDIBP AS A POTENTIAL VASORELAXANT AGENT

  • AIRLLA LAANA DE MEDEIROS CAVALCANTI Biotechnology Center, Federal University of Paraíba, Cidade Universitária, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • PATRÍCIA KEYTTH LINS ROCHA Biotechnology Center, Federal University of Paraíba, Cidade Universitária, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • ISADORA SILVA LUNA Biotechnology Center, Federal University of Paraíba, Cidade Universitária, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • MARIA CLÁUDIA RODRIGUES BRANDÃO Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Paraíba, Cidade Universitária, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • EMMELY OLIVEIRA DA TRINDADE Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Paraíba, Cidade Universitária, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • GEOVANI PEREIRA GUIMARÃES Department of , Research Institute in Drug and Medicines, Federal University of Paraíba, Cidade Universitária, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • PETRÔNIO FILGUEIRAS ATHAYDE-FILHO Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Paraíba, Cidade Universitária, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • EUGENE MURATOV Laboratory for Molecular Modeling, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.
  • BARKAT KHAN Department of , Faculty of Pharmacy, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan.
  • MARCUS TULLIUS SCOTTI Biotechnology Center, Federal University of Paraíba, Cidade Universitária, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • VALDIR DE ANDRADE BRAGA Biotechnology Center, Federal University of Paraíba, Cidade Universitária, João Pessoa, Brazil.

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to describe the synthesis and biological/pharmacokinetic potential of the 1,3-diisobutoxypropan-2-yl nitrate (NDIBP) using in silico and ex vivo approaches.


Methods: The compound was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and 1H and 13C- nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. NDIBP biological activity spectrum was obtained by Prediction of Activity Spectra for Substances (PASS). The pharmacological effect was validated in ex vivo studies using mesenteric artery. Drug-like properties and Absorption Distribution Metabolism Excretion and Toxicity (ADMET) studies were carried out by pkCSM (Predicting Small-Molecule Pharmacokinetic Properties Using Graph-Based Signatures) software.


Results: PASS prediction indicated NDIBP as nitric oxide (NO) donor with vasodilator effect. Ex vivo studies validated PASS analysis and showed the NDIBP vasorelaxant activity in mesenteric arteries. Physicochemical parameters and ADMET prediction suggested that NDIBP is a drug-like molecule with a good theoretical oral bioavailability, good absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, and a low distribution in the tissues.


Conclusion: All the data indicated that NDIBP possesses biological activities and drug-like properties to be considered as a vasorelaxant agent and a good candidate for further investigation in the treatment of arterial hypertension and drug development studies.

Keywords: Organic nitrate, Prediction of Activity Spectra for Substances, ADME, Hypertension, Mesenteric artery

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MEDEIROS CAVALCANTI, A. L. D., P. K. LINS ROCHA, I. S. LUNA, M. C. R. BRANDÃO, E. O. DA TRINDADE, G. P. GUIMARÃES, P. F. ATHAYDE-FILHO, E. MURATOV, B. KHAN, M. TULLIUS SCOTTI, and V. D. ANDRADE BRAGA. “SYNTHESIS, IN SILICO CHARACTERIZATION AND EX VIVO EVALUATION OF THE NOVEL ORGANIC NITRATE NDIBP AS A POTENTIAL VASORELAXANT AGENT”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 14, no. 4, Apr. 2021, pp. 124-3, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2021.v14i4.41067.
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