THE STATE OF ANXIETY, DEPRESSION, AND STRESS IN HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS WITH CONFIRMED COVID-19 INFECTION

  • SUBHASIS MITRA Department of Medical Research and Data Management, Sanjiban Hospital, Howrah, West Bengal, India.
  • DALIA MITRA Department of Medical Research and Data Management, Sanjiban Hospital, Howrah, West Bengal, India.
  • ABHIJIT DUTTA Department of Medical Research and Data Management, Sanjiban Hospital, Howrah, West Bengal, India.

Abstract

Objectives: In the past few months, the COVID-19 pandemic has drastically invaded the globe with its high infectivity. In this situation, people’s mental health is of utmost importance but poorly reported, especially in patients. We conducted this cross-sectional study among laboratory-confirmed hospitalized patients to evaluate the burden of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms.


Methods: We used depression, anxiety and stress scale 21 (DASS-21) to evaluate respective mental health components. A total of 114 hospitalized patients participated in this study. Of which, 65.79% were male patients.


Results: The reported depression, anxiety, and stress were 77.2%, 84.2%, and 54.4%, respectively. An inverse relationship of the total DASS-21 score was found with the age of the participants.


Conclusion: Such a high prevalence of mental health outcome suggests the need for further evaluation and addressing the problem with immediate concern.

Keywords: COVID-19, Mental Health, Prevalence, Anxiety, Depression, Stress

References

1. Pfefferbaum B, North CS. Mental health and the Covid-19 pandemic. N Engl J Med 2020;383:510-2.
2. World Health Organization. WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2020. Available from: https://www.covid19.who.int/region/searo/country/in. [Last accessed on 2020 Nov 03].
3. Krishnamoorthy Y, Nagarajan R, Saya GK, Menon V. Prevalence of psychological morbidities among general population, healthcare workers and COVID-19 patients amidst the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Res 2020;293:113382.
4. Lovibond SH, Lovibond PF. Manual for the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales. 2nd ed. Australia, Sydney: Psychology Foundation of Australia; 1995.
5. Zhang J, Lu H, Zeng H, Zhang S, Du Q, Jiang T, et al. The differential psychological distress of populations affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Brain Behav Immun 2020;87:49-50.
6. Paz C, Mascialino G, Adana?Díaz L, Rodríguez?Lorenzana A, Simbaña? Rivera K, Gómez?Barreno L, et al. Anxiety and depression in patients with confirmed and suspected COVID-19 in Ecuador. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2020;74:554-5.
Statistics
54 Views | 49 Downloads
Citations
How to Cite
MITRA, S., D. MITRA, and A. DUTTA. “THE STATE OF ANXIETY, DEPRESSION, AND STRESS IN HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS WITH CONFIRMED COVID-19 INFECTION”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 14, no. 5, May 2021, pp. 135-6, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2021.v14i5.41135.
Section
Original Article(s)