ASSOCIATION AND CORRELATION OF MEAN PLATELET VOLUME AND PLATELET COUNT IN ACUTE ISCHEMIC STROKE
Keywords:Mean platelet volume,, Platelet count
Objective: Role of platelets in the pathogenesis of the atherothrombosis and ischemic stroke has been documented. Mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet count (PC) could be important predictors of acute ischemic stroke (AIS), its severity; therefore we investigated the correlation of MPV & PC in AIS patients.
Methods: We studied MPV and PC of 52 AIS patients consecutively admitted in Neurology department at Geetanjali Medical University, India. Platelet variables were measured and compared with control of similar age, sex and without vascular events.
Results: Out of 52 patients, 30 (57.69%) had Thirty (57.69%) patients had significantly higher MPV in AIS group (12.45fL compared with normal range of 6–11 fL in control,p<0.001). No significant differences were found between male and females, but the total mean was elevated. The mean of PC was 1.76×105 cells/cumm (normal range) and there was no correlation between the change in PC and AIS in both sexes. Repeated measurements of MPV and PC were also recorded on follow-up which showed no significant changes from the acute phase; however, MPV remained elevated. The comparison of MPV in patients with mRS score 2 versus 4, 2 versus 5, 3 versus 4 and 5, and 4 versus 5 were found to be statistically significant (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Increased MPV has an independent association with AIS and its severity and it could not change after acute treatment. It is possible that these changes precede the vascular event, and further studies are warranted to unravel the underlying mechanism.
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