ASSESSMENT OF PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE REGARDING ANTIBIOTIC USE IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the public knowledge and attitude toward antibiotic use in a general population visiting the
tertiary care hospital.
Methods: A prospective cross-sectional survey conducted for a period of 6-month December-2013 to May-2014. Knowledge scoring was given based
on the percentage of correct responses. Data were collected using a self-prepared questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Association
of respondentâ€™s knowledge score with sex, age group, educational level, and income was analyzed by Chi-square test.
Results: The results of our study showed that the level of knowledge on antibiotics use was poor in 117 (65%) of the study population who had given
<50% correct response. The current study showed that there was a significant difference in knowledge between education level groups (pâ‰¤0.0001).
The other responses regarding knowledge are 27.2% accepted that antibiotics are indicated for relieving pain and inflammation, 45% of participants
thought that antibiotics are the drugs indicated to reduce fever. About 76.6% of respondents had administered antibiotics without a doctorâ€™s
prescription, 44% of respondents used antibiotics with their friends and family memberâ€™s suggestions. 48% of respondents keep antibiotics stock
at home for future use and 79.4% of respondents keep leftover antibiotics for personal future use, 31% share their antibiotics with family members
when they are sick and 34% of respondents use leftover antibiotics for a respiratory illness.
Conclusion: Patients, as well as healthcare professionals, have a major role to play in attaining rational antibiotic use. Antibiotic awareness campaigns
and patient counseling should promote specific messages to public members from the â€œhigh riskâ€ groups, to fill up the knowledge and attitude gaps.
Keywords: Antibiotic use, Self-medication, Attitude, Miss-use, Awareness, Microbial resistance.
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