ASSESSMENT OF PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE REGARDING ANTIBIOTIC USE IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

  • Mohamed Saleem T S Assistant Professor & Head Department of Pharmacology Annamacharya College of Pharmacy New Boyanapalli Rajampet-516126 A.P. India
  • Chandrakanth P
  • Madhan Mohan Reddy
  • Gopinath C
  • Madhan Mohan Rao

Abstract

Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the public knowledge and attitude toward antibiotic use in a general population visiting the
tertiary care hospital.
Methods: A prospective cross-sectional survey conducted for a period of 6-month December-2013 to May-2014. Knowledge scoring was given based
on the percentage of correct responses. Data were collected using a self-prepared questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Association
of respondent’s knowledge score with sex, age group, educational level, and income was analyzed by Chi-square test.
Results: The results of our study showed that the level of knowledge on antibiotics use was poor in 117 (65%) of the study population who had given
<50% correct response. The current study showed that there was a significant difference in knowledge between education level groups (p≤0.0001).
The other responses regarding knowledge are 27.2% accepted that antibiotics are indicated for relieving pain and inflammation, 45% of participants
thought that antibiotics are the drugs indicated to reduce fever. About 76.6% of respondents had administered antibiotics without a doctor’s
prescription, 44% of respondents used antibiotics with their friends and family member’s suggestions. 48% of respondents keep antibiotics stock
at home for future use and 79.4% of respondents keep leftover antibiotics for personal future use, 31% share their antibiotics with family members
when they are sick and 34% of respondents use leftover antibiotics for a respiratory illness.
Conclusion: Patients, as well as healthcare professionals, have a major role to play in attaining rational antibiotic use. Antibiotic awareness campaigns
and patient counseling should promote specific messages to public members from the “high risk†groups, to fill up the knowledge and attitude gaps.
Keywords: Antibiotic use, Self-medication, Attitude, Miss-use, Awareness, Microbial resistance.

Author Biography

Mohamed Saleem T S, Assistant Professor & Head Department of Pharmacology Annamacharya College of Pharmacy New Boyanapalli Rajampet-516126 A.P. India

Cardiovascular Pharmacology

Gastroentrology

Neuropharmacology

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How to Cite
T S, M. S., C. P, M. Mohan Reddy, G. C, and M. M. Rao. “ASSESSMENT OF PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE REGARDING ANTIBIOTIC USE IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 9, no. 1, Jan. 2016, pp. 118-22, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/8152.
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