SUPER-FRUIT: AS A POTENTIAL OPTION TO MITIGATE MALNUTRITION IN INDIAN SUBCONTINENT
Health and wellness are key drivers of new product development, globally. Obesity and excess calories are issues on one extreme and lack of nutrients is an issue at the other extreme. Consumers are also seeking out new kinds of indulgence, driving demand for new ethnic and exotic flavours and authentic regional products. The health benefits of super-fruits have made them successful as ingredients for food companies and as a source of exciting new flavours for consumers. The super-fruits deemed super by nutrition scientists are packed with antioxidants, fibre, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that improve health condition. The importance of super-fruits as a necessary part of the human diet and as cash crops is well recognized. They help to prevent a number of extremely chronic human diseases. In recent years this term - originally used by the food industry to indicate fruit having an exceptional nutrient richness and nutritional qualities, including high concentration of phytochemicals - has been increasingly and generically utilized, mainly for marketing purposes. In, India traditional fruits like bael, aonla, pomegranate, guava, pineapple, coconut, grapefruit, litchi, jackfruit, papaya, grape and so many indigenous minor fruits are rich in above mentioned phyto-chemicals & anti- oxidant compound that include them in the list of super fruit. In this present paper we critically review the extraordinary-therapeutic characteristics of Super-fruit, mainly to aware the common people and to speed-up the super-fruit cultivation.
Keywords: Super-fruits, Phyto-chemicals, Antioxidant, Malnutrition, Human health
2. WHO. Diet Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases, Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation, WHO Technical Report Series 916. Geneva, World Health Organization; 2003.
3. Jaganath IB, Crozier A. Dietary Flavonoids and Phenolic Compounds. In: Cesar G. Fraga Plant Phenolics and Human Health: Biochemistry, Nutrition, and Pharmacology: John Wiley & Sons, Inc;2010. p.1â€“39.
4. Alison H, Luca F. Nutritional and health benefits from the consumption of fruits with high content of nutrients and phytochemicals â€“ with reference to the term superfruits â€“ and effect of genotype and agronomic aspects on their quality. In: Proceedings of International symposium on superfruits: Myth or Truth? (1-3 July), Vietnam;2013.p.22
5. Joseph B. Review on nutritional, medicinal and pharmacological properties of guava (Psidium guajava LINN.). Int. J. of Pharma and Bio Sci. 2011; 2:53-69.
6. Hassimotto NM, Genovese MI. Antioxidant activity of dietary fruits, vegetables and commercial frozen fruit pulps. J of Agril and Food Chem 2005;53(8):2928â€“2935.
7. Paniandy JC, Chane-Ming J, Pieribattesti JC. Chemical composition of the essential oil and headspace solid-phase microextraction of the guava fruit (Psidium guajava L.). J of Essential Oil Res 2000;12(2):153-158.
8. Kaljee LM, Thiem VD, Von-Seidlein L, Genberg BL, Canh DG, Tho-Le H. et al. Health care Use for Diarrhoea and Dysentery in Actual and Hypothetical Cases, NhaTrang, Viet Nam. J. of Health, Pop and Nutri 2004;22(2):139-149.
9. Kamath JV, Nair R, Kumar ACK, Mohana LS. Psidium guajava L: A review. Int J of Green Pharm 2008;02(1):9-12.
10. Farooq S, In: 555 Medicinal plants; Field and Laboratory Mannual, International Book Distributors, Dehradun, pp.40-42;2005.
11. Sharma CP, Bhatia V, Bansal N, Sharma A. A review on Bael tree. Natural Product Radiance 2007;6(2):171-178.
12. Kumar SPK, Umadevi M, Bhowmik D, Singh MD, Dutta SA. Recent Trends in Medicinal Uses and Health Benefits of Indian Traditional Herbs Aegle marmelos. The Pharma Innovation 2012;1:70-77.
13. Lampronti, MD, Bianchi N, Borgatti M, Lambertini E, Piva R, Jabbar S. et al. In vitro antiproliferate effects on human tumor cell lines of extract from the Bangladeshi medicinal plant Aegle marmelos Correa. Phytomedicine 2003;10(4):300-308.
14. Sharma PV. Charaka Samhita. Chikitsastana - 26th Chapter (English);1998.
15. Vasant SB, Bhaskarrao AD, Bhanudas RS. Emblica officinalis-The Wonder of yurvedic Medicine. World J of Pharma and Pharmaceutical Sci 2013;3:285-306.
16. Schubert SY, Lansky EP, Neeman I. Antioxidant and eicosanoid enzyme inhibition properties of pomegranate seed oil and fermented juice flavonoids. J of Ethnopharm 1999;66:11-17.
17. Jurenka J. Therapeutic applications of Pomegranate: A review. Alt Med Rev 2008;13(2):128-144.
18. Singh RP, Gupta AK, Bhatia AK. Utilization of wild pomegranate in north west Himalayas-Status and Problems. Proceedings of National Seminar on Production and Marketing of Indigenous Fruits, New Delhi;1990. p.100-107.
19. Malik A, Afaq F, Arfaraz S, Adhami VM, Syed DN, Mukhtar H. Pomegranate juice for chemoprevention and chemotherapy of prostate cancer. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences 2005;102: 14813-14818.
20. Sumner MD, Elliott-Eller M, Weidner G, Daubenmier JJ, Chew MH, Marlin R. Effects of pomegranate juice consumption on myocardial perfusion in patients with coronary heart disease. The American J of Cardiology 2005;96:810-814.
21. Lansky E, Hubert S, Neeman I. Pharmacological and therapeutical properties of pomegranates. In: P Melgarejo and JJ Martinez (Eds.), Proceedings of the first International Symposium on Pomegranate, Spain, CIHEAM;1998. p.231-235.
22. Marambaud P, Zhao H, Davies P. Resveratrol Promotes Clearance of Alzheimerâ€™s Disease Amyloid-Peptides. J of Biol Chem 2005; 280(45):37377-37382.
23. LeBlanc, MR. Cultivar, Juice Extraction, Ultra Violet Irradiation and Storage Influence the Stilbene Content of Muscadine Grapes (Vitis rotundifolia Michx.). Dissertation, Louisiana State University;2006.
24. Baliga MS, Meleth S, Katiyar SK. Growth inhibitory and antimetastatic effect ofgreen tea polyphenols on metastasis-specific mouse mammary carcinoma 4T1 cells in vitro and in vivo systems. Clin Cancer Res 2005;11:1918-1927.
25. Iriti M, Rossoni M, Farao F. Melatonin content in grape: myth or panacea? J of the Sci of Food & Agric 2006;86(10):1432-1438
26. Srinivasan V, Pandi-Perumal SR, Cardinali DP, Poeggeler B, Hardeland R. Melatonin in Alzheimerâ€™s disease and other neurodegenerative disorders, In: Behavioral and Brain Fnctions; 2006. doi:10.1186/1744-9081-2-15,20.06.2011.
27. Kupferschmidt HHT, Fattinger KE, Ha HR, Follath F, Krahenbuhl S. Grapefruit juice enhances the bioavailability of the HIV protease inhibitor saquinavir in man. Brit. J. Clin. Pharmacol.1998;45:355-9.
28. Chinsembu KC, Hedimbi M. Ethnomedicinal plants and other natural products with anti-HIV active compounds and their putative modes of action. Int. J. Biotech. and Molecular Biol. Res. 2010; 1(6): 74-91
29. Diaz-Juarez JA, Tenorio-Lopez FA, Zarco-Olvera G, del Valle- MondragÃ³n L, Torres-Narvaez JC, PastelÃn-HernÃ¡ndez G. Effect of Citrus paradisiextract and juice on arterial pressure both in vitro and in vivo. Phytotherapy Research 2009; 23(7): 948â€“54
30. Gupta V, Kohli K, Ghaiye P, Bansal P, Lather Apharmacological Potentials of Citrus Paradisi - An Overview. Int J of Phytothear Res 2011;1:8-17.
31. Jung HA, Su BN, Keller WJ, Mehta RG, Kinghorn AD.Antioxidant xanthones from the pericarp of Garciniamangostana (Mangosteen). J Agric Food Chem 2006;54(6):2077-2082.
32. Chomnawang MT, Surassmo S, Nukoolkarn VS, Gritsanapan W. Antimicrobial effects of Thai medicinal plants against acneinducing bacteria. J Ethnopharmacol 2005;101(1- 3):330-333.
33. Ji X, Avula B, Khan IA. Quantitative and qualitative determination of six xanthones in Garcinia mangostana L. by LCPDA and LC-ESI-MS. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2007;43(4):1270-6.
34. Pedraza-Chaverri J, CÃ¡rdenas-RodrÃguez N, Orozco-Ibarra M, PÃ©rez-Rojas JM. Medicinal properties of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana). Food Chem. Toxicol. 2008;46(10):3227-39.
35. Matsumoto K, Akao Y, Kobayashi E, Ohguchi K, Ito T, Tanaka T. et al. Induction of apoptosis by xanthones from mangosteen in human leukemia cell lines. J Nat Prod 2003;66(8):1124-1127.
36. Mahabusarakam W, Proudfoot J, Taylor W, Croft K. Inhibition of lipoprotein oxidation by prenylated xanthones derived from mangosteen. Free Radic Res 2006;33: 643â€“659.
37. Ee GC, Daud S, Taufiq-Yap YH, Ismail NH, Rahmani M. Xanthones from Garcinia mangostana (Guttiferae). Nat Prod Res 2006 ;20(12):1067-1073.
38. Matsumoto K, Akao Y, Yi H, Ohguchi K, Ito T, Tanaka T. et al. Preferential target is mitochondria in alpha-mangostin-induced apoptosis in human leukemia HL60 cells. Bioorg Med Chem 2004;12(22):5799-5806.
39. Moongkarndi P, Kosem N, Kaslungka S, Luanratana O, Pongpan N, Neungton N. Antiproliferation, antioxidation and in- duction of apoptosis by Garcinia mangostana (mangosteen) on SKBR3 human breast cancer cell line. J Ethnopharmacol 2004;90:161â€“166.
40. Sakagami Y, Iinuma M, Piyasena KG, Dharmaratne HR. Antibacterial activity of alphamangostinagainst vancomycin resistant Enterococci (VRE) and synergism with antibiotics. Phytomedicine 2005;12(3):203-208.
41. Suksamrarn S, Suwannapoch N, Phakhodee W, Thanuhiranlert J, Ratananukul P, Chimnoi N, Suksamrarn A. Anti-myco bacterial activity of prenylated xanthones from the fruits of Garcinia mangostana. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 2003;51(7):857-9.
42. Manal MS, Shehata M, Sahar SAS. Effects of Bioactive Component of Kiwi Fruit and Avocado (Fruit and Seed) on Hyper-cholesterolemic Rats. W J of Dairy & Food Sci 2013;8 (1):82-93.
The publication is licensed under CC By and is open access. Copyright is with author and allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions.